Liberal-constitutional backsliding of democracy and the threat of the pandemic : theoretical and empirical considerations

2023
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enIn this article we argue that what is called today a 'democratic backsliding' or de-consolidation should be analysed, at least in some cases, as a liberal-constitutional backsliding for which the pandemic of Covid-19 adds a new impetus and creates the situation where violation of constitutionality of law might become a norm. In our theoretical considerations, we propose to examine this problem from two interconnected perspectives: the tension between the liberal and the democratic components of liberal democracy, often overlooked by the dominant democratic theory, and constitutionalism as the major safeguard of individual rights and liberties that limits democratic sovereignty, or the will of the people expressed by democratic representation. To better understand the nature of the current crisis of liberal-constitutional backsliding, we refer to Carl Schmitt's concept of 'the administrative state' where the dominant legal act is an administrative decree which does not require constitutional legitimacy or even the guarantee that it expresses the will of the majority. Our empirical considerations focus on the case of the liberal-constitutional backsliding in Poland exacerbated by the pandemic, which provides a good illustration of how the tensions within the liberal-democratic model itself can be used to justify democratic sovereignty as the only source of political legitimacy.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Studiów Międzynarodowych i Politycznych : Instytut Nauk Politycznych i Stosunków Międzynarodowychpl
dc.contributor.authorPietrzyk-Reeves, Dorota - 131391 pl
dc.contributor.authorGórnisiewicz, Arkadiusz - 171430 pl
dc.contributor.authorSzlachta, Bogdan - 132239 pl
dc.date.accession2024-03-18pl
dc.date.accessioned2024-03-18T11:37:56Z
dc.date.available2024-03-18T11:37:56Z
dc.date.issued2023pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalBibliogr. s. 378-380pl
dc.description.number5 (86)pl
dc.description.physical361-381pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume20pl
dc.identifier.doi10.12797/Politeja.20.2023.86.17pl
dc.identifier.eissn2391-6737pl
dc.identifier.issn1733-6716pl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/328012
dc.identifier.weblinkhttps://journals.akademicka.pl/politeja/article/view/5633/5244pl
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowa*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY-NC-ND
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode.pl*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enliberal-constitutional backslidingpl
dc.subject.enliberal democracypl
dc.subject.enCovid-19 pandemicpl
dc.subject.enCarl Schmittpl
dc.subject.enPolandpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleLiberal-constitutional backsliding of democracy and the threat of the pandemic : theoretical and empirical considerationspl
dc.title.journalPolitejapl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
In this article we argue that what is called today a 'democratic backsliding' or de-consolidation should be analysed, at least in some cases, as a liberal-constitutional backsliding for which the pandemic of Covid-19 adds a new impetus and creates the situation where violation of constitutionality of law might become a norm. In our theoretical considerations, we propose to examine this problem from two interconnected perspectives: the tension between the liberal and the democratic components of liberal democracy, often overlooked by the dominant democratic theory, and constitutionalism as the major safeguard of individual rights and liberties that limits democratic sovereignty, or the will of the people expressed by democratic representation. To better understand the nature of the current crisis of liberal-constitutional backsliding, we refer to Carl Schmitt's concept of 'the administrative state' where the dominant legal act is an administrative decree which does not require constitutional legitimacy or even the guarantee that it expresses the will of the majority. Our empirical considerations focus on the case of the liberal-constitutional backsliding in Poland exacerbated by the pandemic, which provides a good illustration of how the tensions within the liberal-democratic model itself can be used to justify democratic sovereignty as the only source of political legitimacy.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Studiów Międzynarodowych i Politycznych : Instytut Nauk Politycznych i Stosunków Międzynarodowych
dc.contributor.authorpl
Pietrzyk-Reeves, Dorota - 131391
dc.contributor.authorpl
Górnisiewicz, Arkadiusz - 171430
dc.contributor.authorpl
Szlachta, Bogdan - 132239
dc.date.accessionpl
2024-03-18
dc.date.accessioned
2024-03-18T11:37:56Z
dc.date.available
2024-03-18T11:37:56Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2023
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalpl
Bibliogr. s. 378-380
dc.description.numberpl
5 (86)
dc.description.physicalpl
361-381
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
20
dc.identifier.doipl
10.12797/Politeja.20.2023.86.17
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2391-6737
dc.identifier.issnpl
1733-6716
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/328012
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
https://journals.akademicka.pl/politeja/article/view/5633/5244
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowa
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY-NC-ND
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode.pl
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
liberal-constitutional backsliding
dc.subject.enpl
liberal democracy
dc.subject.enpl
Covid-19 pandemic
dc.subject.enpl
Carl Schmitt
dc.subject.enpl
Poland
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Liberal-constitutional backsliding of democracy and the threat of the pandemic : theoretical and empirical considerations
dc.title.journalpl
Politeja
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication

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