"The Survey of the Ghetto' in the time of anti-semitism : Feliks Gross and his unfinished fieldwork on the jewish quarters of Krakow and Vilna, 1938-40

2014
journal article
article
3
cris.lastimport.wos2024-04-09T21:42:36Z
dc.abstract.enThis paper aims to recall one of the first pieces of anthropological fieldwork carried out in Europe. It was supervised by Bronisław Malinowski and carried out by Feliks Gross (1906-2006). He had been a young Cracovian lawyer of Jewish descent and socialist activist interested in sociology and anthropology, who was preparing for an academic career. This turned out to be impossible because of the growing wave of anti-Semitism in Europe. Gross became a student and collaborator of his Cracovian compatriot, then a London professor, Bronisław Malinowski, who advised him to make a “survey of the ghetto” in their hometown. The research progressed promisingly, but was halted by the outbreak of the Second World War. Gross managed to escape to Vilna, where he tried to continue his research. He finally landed safely in the USA, where he joined his mentor and encouraged him to engage in political activity. The Cracovian project is described using the correspondence between Malinowski and Gross, as well as other archival material. It is shown against the political and academic background, contemporary research on Jewish life, together with the important theoretical and methodological frameworks of the time. The innovativeness of the project consisted in the realization of the importance of history and its role in influencing the present, and also in pointing out the existence of manifold identities. Gross’s idea of studying a ghetto as a living and differentiated unity was in many respects ground-breaking. Moreover, the unsuccessful project becomes a very informative case of the working of the academic “field”, to use Pierre Bourdieu’s term. Also given are other examples of European research supervised by Malinowski, who, perhaps, deserves the title of predecessor of the "anthropology at home" in Europe.pl
dc.abstract.en
dc.affiliationWydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Socjologiipl
dc.contributor.authorKubica-Heller, Grażyna - 102028 pl
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-22T11:09:45Z
dc.date.available2015-12-22T11:09:45Z
dc.date.issued2014pl
dc.description.number2pl
dc.description.physical318-340pl
dc.description.publication1,7pl
dc.description.volume28pl
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/0888325413511662pl
dc.identifier.eissn1533-8371pl
dc.identifier.issn0888-3254pl
dc.identifier.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/18653
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rights.licencebez licencji
dc.subject.enBronislaw Malinowskipl
dc.subject.enFeliks Grosspl
dc.subject.enJewish ghettopl
dc.subject.enfieldworkpl
dc.subject.enhistorical anthropologypl
dc.subject.enKazimierzpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.title"The Survey of the Ghetto' in the time of anti-semitism : Feliks Gross and his unfinished fieldwork on the jewish quarters of Krakow and Vilna, 1938-40pl
dc.title.journalEast European Politics and Societies and Culturespl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
cris.lastimport.wos
2024-04-09T21:42:36Z
dc.abstract.enpl
This paper aims to recall one of the first pieces of anthropological fieldwork carried out in Europe. It was supervised by Bronisław Malinowski and carried out by Feliks Gross (1906-2006). He had been a young Cracovian lawyer of Jewish descent and socialist activist interested in sociology and anthropology, who was preparing for an academic career. This turned out to be impossible because of the growing wave of anti-Semitism in Europe. Gross became a student and collaborator of his Cracovian compatriot, then a London professor, Bronisław Malinowski, who advised him to make a “survey of the ghetto” in their hometown. The research progressed promisingly, but was halted by the outbreak of the Second World War. Gross managed to escape to Vilna, where he tried to continue his research. He finally landed safely in the USA, where he joined his mentor and encouraged him to engage in political activity. The Cracovian project is described using the correspondence between Malinowski and Gross, as well as other archival material. It is shown against the political and academic background, contemporary research on Jewish life, together with the important theoretical and methodological frameworks of the time. The innovativeness of the project consisted in the realization of the importance of history and its role in influencing the present, and also in pointing out the existence of manifold identities. Gross’s idea of studying a ghetto as a living and differentiated unity was in many respects ground-breaking. Moreover, the unsuccessful project becomes a very informative case of the working of the academic “field”, to use Pierre Bourdieu’s term. Also given are other examples of European research supervised by Malinowski, who, perhaps, deserves the title of predecessor of the "anthropology at home" in Europe.
dc.abstract.en
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Socjologii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Kubica-Heller, Grażyna - 102028
dc.date.accessioned
2015-12-22T11:09:45Z
dc.date.available
2015-12-22T11:09:45Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2014
dc.description.numberpl
2
dc.description.physicalpl
318-340
dc.description.publicationpl
1,7
dc.description.volumepl
28
dc.identifier.doipl
10.1177/0888325413511662
dc.identifier.eissnpl
1533-8371
dc.identifier.issnpl
0888-3254
dc.identifier.uri
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/18653
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.rights.licence
bez licencji
dc.subject.enpl
Bronislaw Malinowski
dc.subject.enpl
Feliks Gross
dc.subject.enpl
Jewish ghetto
dc.subject.enpl
fieldwork
dc.subject.enpl
historical anthropology
dc.subject.enpl
Kazimierz
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
"The Survey of the Ghetto' in the time of anti-semitism : Feliks Gross and his unfinished fieldwork on the jewish quarters of Krakow and Vilna, 1938-40
dc.title.journalpl
East European Politics and Societies and Cultures
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication

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