Can epicardial and pericardial adipose tissue volume predict the presence and severity of coronary artery disease?

2022
journal article
article
1
dc.abstract.enPurpose: Excessive accumulation of free fatty acids in the coronary arteries can lead to coronary artery disease (CAD). Quantification of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and pericardial adipose tissue (PAT) is beneficial to understand its relationship with CAD, hypertension (HT), and diabetes. Material and methods: This retrospective study included 54 patients who underwent CT coronary angiogram using a multidetector row CT scanner. The EAT and PAT volumes from cardiac images were quantified using Image J software. The severity of CAD was graded using the CAD-RADS score. Results: Twenty-nine patients had no CAD, 21 patients had significant CAD, and 4 patients had insignificant CAD. Out of 21 patients with significant CAD, 14 had involvement of multiple coronary arteries. The EAT and PAT volumes were higher in patients with HT, DM, CAD-present group and significant-CAD-present group, but this was not statistically significant except the PAT volume with respect to diabetes. Significant correlation was found between EAT volume and calcium score (p = 0.035) and between EAT volume and total cholesterol level (p = 0.017). Significant differences in the EAT volumes were found in different CAD-RADS categories in the right coronary artery (RCA). From the threshold values, it was observed that CAD can develop in LAD even at lower of EAT and PAT volumes. Conclusions: Quantification of EAT and PAT volumes is beneficial in understanding its relationship with the presence and severity of coronary artery disease and its risk factors.pl
dc.contributor.authorPanda, Souravpl
dc.contributor.authorVimala, Leena Robinsonpl
dc.contributor.authorLivingstone, Roshanpl
dc.contributor.authorPearlin, Benedictapl
dc.contributor.authorIrodi, Aparnapl
dc.contributor.authorJoseph, Elizabethpl
dc.contributor.authorGeorge, Oommen K.pl
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-22T07:11:49Z
dc.date.available2022-08-22T07:11:49Z
dc.date.issued2022pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalBibliogr. s. e353pl
dc.description.physicale348-e353pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume87pl
dc.identifier.doi10.5114/pjr.2022.117968pl
dc.identifier.eissn1899-0967pl
dc.identifier.issn1733-134Xpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/298342
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowa*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY-NC-ND
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode.pl*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enepicardial adipose tissuepl
dc.subject.enpericardial adipose tissuepl
dc.subject.encoronary artery diseasepl
dc.subject.encalcium scorepl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleCan epicardial and pericardial adipose tissue volume predict the presence and severity of coronary artery disease?pl
dc.title.journalPolish Journal of Radiologypl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
Purpose: Excessive accumulation of free fatty acids in the coronary arteries can lead to coronary artery disease (CAD). Quantification of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and pericardial adipose tissue (PAT) is beneficial to understand its relationship with CAD, hypertension (HT), and diabetes. Material and methods: This retrospective study included 54 patients who underwent CT coronary angiogram using a multidetector row CT scanner. The EAT and PAT volumes from cardiac images were quantified using Image J software. The severity of CAD was graded using the CAD-RADS score. Results: Twenty-nine patients had no CAD, 21 patients had significant CAD, and 4 patients had insignificant CAD. Out of 21 patients with significant CAD, 14 had involvement of multiple coronary arteries. The EAT and PAT volumes were higher in patients with HT, DM, CAD-present group and significant-CAD-present group, but this was not statistically significant except the PAT volume with respect to diabetes. Significant correlation was found between EAT volume and calcium score (p = 0.035) and between EAT volume and total cholesterol level (p = 0.017). Significant differences in the EAT volumes were found in different CAD-RADS categories in the right coronary artery (RCA). From the threshold values, it was observed that CAD can develop in LAD even at lower of EAT and PAT volumes. Conclusions: Quantification of EAT and PAT volumes is beneficial in understanding its relationship with the presence and severity of coronary artery disease and its risk factors.
dc.contributor.authorpl
Panda, Sourav
dc.contributor.authorpl
Vimala, Leena Robinson
dc.contributor.authorpl
Livingstone, Roshan
dc.contributor.authorpl
Pearlin, Benedicta
dc.contributor.authorpl
Irodi, Aparna
dc.contributor.authorpl
Joseph, Elizabeth
dc.contributor.authorpl
George, Oommen K.
dc.date.accessioned
2022-08-22T07:11:49Z
dc.date.available
2022-08-22T07:11:49Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2022
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalpl
Bibliogr. s. e353
dc.description.physicalpl
e348-e353
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
87
dc.identifier.doipl
10.5114/pjr.2022.117968
dc.identifier.eissnpl
1899-0967
dc.identifier.issnpl
1733-134X
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/298342
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowa
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY-NC-ND
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode.pl
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
epicardial adipose tissue
dc.subject.enpl
pericardial adipose tissue
dc.subject.enpl
coronary artery disease
dc.subject.enpl
calcium score
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Can epicardial and pericardial adipose tissue volume predict the presence and severity of coronary artery disease?
dc.title.journalpl
Polish Journal of Radiology
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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