"Szpony Czarnego Orła" : europejska albanofobia - przesłanki i ewolucja zjawiska

2009
book section
conference proceedings
dc.abstract.enThe term albanophobia started to appear in the media at the end of the 20th century supplanting previously used expressions, which typically referred to "anti-Albanian prejudices" or to politicallyrooted biases against Greater Albania. The most typical albanophobic prejudices include the depiction of an average Albanian as a degenerate criminal. This misrepresentation can be associated with stereotyping, which dates back to the times of the Ottoman Empire. The newly coined term was meant not only to emphasise the complex nature of the issue, but also to clarify real and imaginary dangers associated with the wave of Albanian migrants pouring into Europe. Its role was to confront media-publicised information about Albanians. The countries which were most affected by the wave of Albanian mass migration were Greece and Italy, as they were most easily accessible for the migrants, who either illegally crossed the southern border of their country or attempted to reach Western countries by sea. Italian media portrayedAlbanians in a very stereotypical way usually referring to three defining concepts typically associated with Albania - backwardness, exoticism and isolation. Migrants’ desperate attempts at finding a job were increasingly interpreted as signs of amorality and unscrupulousness. Greek media were even more anti-Albanian blaming the migrants for the rise in crime rate and accusing them of attempting to "albanise" the northern part of the country. The anti-Albanian feeling started to diminish in 1997, when Albania suffered the Pyramid Crisis and its aftermath, which is commonly referred to as "the bloody spring of 1997". These tragic events made people look at Albanians in a different light - the stereotypical view of an Albanian migrant started to change as more and more people attempted to understand the reasons for the Albanian crisis. Albanophobia is more complex and multifaceted an issue in the countries where Albanian migration is considered a demographic threat. In the case of Greece the factor that generates phobias is a consistent decline in the indigenous Greek population and a steady increase in the total fertility rate within migrant families. The sense of imminent demographic threat is particularly discernible in Macedonia, where Albanians constitute the largest ethnic minority. Macedonians consider Albanian minority a threat to their national identity and treat its members as foreign. In their attempts at discrediting Albanian population Macedonians venture as far as to look for pseudoscientific justifications for the supposedly inherent foreigness and strangeness of Albanian civilization. They even try to question the existence of Albanian identity itself. Albanophobia started to be analysed as a social phenomenon as part of a study concerning the consequences of Balkan migrations and the adaptation processes of immigrants in new environments. Albanophobia is one of the most important and effective means of forcing immigrants to deny their true identity. The fear of disclosing their Albanian identity triggers a number of adaptive behaviour patterns, which include changing one’s first name and surname (or, at least, using their latinised or hellenised versions), socialising with indigenous population and imitating their manner.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Historycznypl
dc.conferenceMare inclitum : oddziaływanie cywilizacji śródziemnomorskiej
dc.conference.cityKraków
dc.conference.countryPolska
dc.conference.datefinish2008-11-29
dc.conference.datestart2008-11-28
dc.contributor.authorCzekalski, Tadeusz - 127649 pl
dc.contributor.editorQuirini-Popławska, Danutapl
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-26T07:02:42Z
dc.date.available2019-07-26T07:02:42Z
dc.date.issued2009pl
dc.date.openaccess120
dc.description.accesstimepo opublikowaniu
dc.description.additionalStrona wydawcy: https://www.wuj.plpl
dc.description.conftypeinternationalpl
dc.description.physical385-392pl
dc.description.seriesPortolana. Studia Mediterranea
dc.description.seriesnumbervol. 4
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.isbn978-83-233-2833-9pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.seriesissn1733-1293
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/79824
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.pubinfoKraków : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiegopl
dc.rightsDozwolony użytek utworów chronionych*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf*
dc.share.typeotwarte repozytorium
dc.subtypeConferenceProceedingspl
dc.title"Szpony Czarnego Orła" : europejska albanofobia - przesłanki i ewolucja zjawiskapl
dc.title.alternativeBlack Eagle Claws : european albanophobia - reasons and evolution of the phenomenonpl
dc.title.containerMare inclitum : oddziaływanie cywilizacji śródziemnomorskiejpl
dc.typeBookSectionpl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The term albanophobia started to appear in the media at the end of the 20th century supplanting previously used expressions, which typically referred to "anti-Albanian prejudices" or to politicallyrooted biases against Greater Albania. The most typical albanophobic prejudices include the depiction of an average Albanian as a degenerate criminal. This misrepresentation can be associated with stereotyping, which dates back to the times of the Ottoman Empire. The newly coined term was meant not only to emphasise the complex nature of the issue, but also to clarify real and imaginary dangers associated with the wave of Albanian migrants pouring into Europe. Its role was to confront media-publicised information about Albanians. The countries which were most affected by the wave of Albanian mass migration were Greece and Italy, as they were most easily accessible for the migrants, who either illegally crossed the southern border of their country or attempted to reach Western countries by sea. Italian media portrayedAlbanians in a very stereotypical way usually referring to three defining concepts typically associated with Albania - backwardness, exoticism and isolation. Migrants’ desperate attempts at finding a job were increasingly interpreted as signs of amorality and unscrupulousness. Greek media were even more anti-Albanian blaming the migrants for the rise in crime rate and accusing them of attempting to "albanise" the northern part of the country. The anti-Albanian feeling started to diminish in 1997, when Albania suffered the Pyramid Crisis and its aftermath, which is commonly referred to as "the bloody spring of 1997". These tragic events made people look at Albanians in a different light - the stereotypical view of an Albanian migrant started to change as more and more people attempted to understand the reasons for the Albanian crisis. Albanophobia is more complex and multifaceted an issue in the countries where Albanian migration is considered a demographic threat. In the case of Greece the factor that generates phobias is a consistent decline in the indigenous Greek population and a steady increase in the total fertility rate within migrant families. The sense of imminent demographic threat is particularly discernible in Macedonia, where Albanians constitute the largest ethnic minority. Macedonians consider Albanian minority a threat to their national identity and treat its members as foreign. In their attempts at discrediting Albanian population Macedonians venture as far as to look for pseudoscientific justifications for the supposedly inherent foreigness and strangeness of Albanian civilization. They even try to question the existence of Albanian identity itself. Albanophobia started to be analysed as a social phenomenon as part of a study concerning the consequences of Balkan migrations and the adaptation processes of immigrants in new environments. Albanophobia is one of the most important and effective means of forcing immigrants to deny their true identity. The fear of disclosing their Albanian identity triggers a number of adaptive behaviour patterns, which include changing one’s first name and surname (or, at least, using their latinised or hellenised versions), socialising with indigenous population and imitating their manner.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Historyczny
dc.conference
Mare inclitum : oddziaływanie cywilizacji śródziemnomorskiej
dc.conference.city
Kraków
dc.conference.country
Polska
dc.conference.datefinish
2008-11-29
dc.conference.datestart
2008-11-28
dc.contributor.authorpl
Czekalski, Tadeusz - 127649
dc.contributor.editorpl
Quirini-Popławska, Danuta
dc.date.accessioned
2019-07-26T07:02:42Z
dc.date.available
2019-07-26T07:02:42Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2009
dc.date.openaccess
120
dc.description.accesstime
po opublikowaniu
dc.description.additionalpl
Strona wydawcy: https://www.wuj.pl
dc.description.conftypepl
international
dc.description.physicalpl
385-392
dc.description.series
Portolana. Studia Mediterranea
dc.description.seriesnumber
vol. 4
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.isbnpl
978-83-233-2833-9
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.seriesissn
1733-1293
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/79824
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.pubinfopl
Kraków : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
dc.rights*
Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf
dc.share.type
otwarte repozytorium
dc.subtypepl
ConferenceProceedings
dc.titlepl
"Szpony Czarnego Orła" : europejska albanofobia - przesłanki i ewolucja zjawiska
dc.title.alternativepl
Black Eagle Claws : european albanophobia - reasons and evolution of the phenomenon
dc.title.containerpl
Mare inclitum : oddziaływanie cywilizacji śródziemnomorskiej
dc.typepl
BookSection
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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