Kościół bośniacki i jego znaczenie dla politycznego położenia Bośni w XIII-XIV wieku

2006
book section
article
dc.abstract.enThe doctrine and history of the so-called Bosnian Church were one of the chief problems studied by researchers into religious issues in the Balkans. The interest was understandable insofar as - if sources are to be believed - Bosnia developed a heresy complete with ceremonies, structures, and hierarchy that embraced even the elites with the ban himself. First reports of the heresy go back to the early 13lh century and continue to the country’s collapse in the mid-15Ih century. The Bosnian Church seems to have played an important part in Bosnia’s social life and its followers maintained links with heterodox groups in Western Europe. The article proposes to analyze the history of the Bosnian Church in the context of its influence on Bosnia’s international situation in the 13th and 14th centuries and to answer the questions: How did Bosnia’s opinion as a “heretical” country affect its rulers’ political decisions and its relations with neighboring countries? How did the Apostolic See view Bosnia? And finally, What dangers were involved and how did they become manifest? Following a detailed analysis of Bosnia’s relations with its neighbors and the Apostolic See, the author concludes that Bosnia gained an opinion of a heretical country already in the early 13lh century, at the time when fierce war was waged in the West against the Manichean heresy of the Cathars. Warnings came especially from neighboring Hungary and were used as a weapon against political opponents. Hungarian actions were made easier by the fact that from the 1220’s, the Bosnian bishop resided in Slavonian Dakovo. This afforded the Arpads, and later the Anjou, freedom of action in Bosnia’s religious affairs and to maintain this state of affairs became one of their political objectives. The arrival of Franciscans, an independent channel of information to the pope, seriously inconvenienced Hungarian rulers. At the same time, the lack of a bishop’s supervision in Bosnia profoundly influenced the growth of heretical church structures there. Accusations of support for a heresy, a propaganda weapon against the ban, were used also by Croatian lords and even by the Bosnians themselves in internal struggles. Bosnia’s opinion as a country overrun by heresy at the peak of its political power does not seem to have affected its political partners’ readiness to cooperate with it.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Historyczny : Instytut Historiipl
dc.contributor.authorWróbel, Piotr - 132788 pl
dc.contributor.editorQuirini-Popławska, Danuta - 337745 pl
dc.date.accessioned2021-05-28T10:14:37Z
dc.date.available2021-05-28T10:14:37Z
dc.date.issued2006pl
dc.date.openaccess168
dc.description.accesstimepo opublikowaniu
dc.description.additionalRecenzowana publ. konferencyjna. Strona wydawcy: https://www.wuj.plpl
dc.description.physical159-174pl
dc.description.publication1pl
dc.description.seriesPortolana. Studia Mediterranea
dc.description.seriesnumbervol. 2
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.isbn83-233-2059-4pl
dc.identifier.isbn978-83-233-2059-3pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OSpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/271915
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.pubinfoKraków : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiegopl
dc.rightsDozwolony użytek utworów chronionych*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf*
dc.share.typeotwarte repozytorium
dc.subject.plBośniapl
dc.subject.plKościół bośniackipl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleKościół bośniacki i jego znaczenie dla politycznego położenia Bośni w XIII-XIV wiekupl
dc.title.alternativeThe Bosnian Church and its significance for Bosnia's political situation in the 13th-14th centuriespl
dc.title.containerReligie świata śródziemnomorskiegopl
dc.typeBookSectionpl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The doctrine and history of the so-called Bosnian Church were one of the chief problems studied by researchers into religious issues in the Balkans. The interest was understandable insofar as - if sources are to be believed - Bosnia developed a heresy complete with ceremonies, structures, and hierarchy that embraced even the elites with the ban himself. First reports of the heresy go back to the early 13lh century and continue to the country’s collapse in the mid-15Ih century. The Bosnian Church seems to have played an important part in Bosnia’s social life and its followers maintained links with heterodox groups in Western Europe. The article proposes to analyze the history of the Bosnian Church in the context of its influence on Bosnia’s international situation in the 13th and 14th centuries and to answer the questions: How did Bosnia’s opinion as a “heretical” country affect its rulers’ political decisions and its relations with neighboring countries? How did the Apostolic See view Bosnia? And finally, What dangers were involved and how did they become manifest? Following a detailed analysis of Bosnia’s relations with its neighbors and the Apostolic See, the author concludes that Bosnia gained an opinion of a heretical country already in the early 13lh century, at the time when fierce war was waged in the West against the Manichean heresy of the Cathars. Warnings came especially from neighboring Hungary and were used as a weapon against political opponents. Hungarian actions were made easier by the fact that from the 1220’s, the Bosnian bishop resided in Slavonian Dakovo. This afforded the Arpads, and later the Anjou, freedom of action in Bosnia’s religious affairs and to maintain this state of affairs became one of their political objectives. The arrival of Franciscans, an independent channel of information to the pope, seriously inconvenienced Hungarian rulers. At the same time, the lack of a bishop’s supervision in Bosnia profoundly influenced the growth of heretical church structures there. Accusations of support for a heresy, a propaganda weapon against the ban, were used also by Croatian lords and even by the Bosnians themselves in internal struggles. Bosnia’s opinion as a country overrun by heresy at the peak of its political power does not seem to have affected its political partners’ readiness to cooperate with it.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Historyczny : Instytut Historii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Wróbel, Piotr - 132788
dc.contributor.editorpl
Quirini-Popławska, Danuta - 337745
dc.date.accessioned
2021-05-28T10:14:37Z
dc.date.available
2021-05-28T10:14:37Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2006
dc.date.openaccess
168
dc.description.accesstime
po opublikowaniu
dc.description.additionalpl
Recenzowana publ. konferencyjna. Strona wydawcy: https://www.wuj.pl
dc.description.physicalpl
159-174
dc.description.publicationpl
1
dc.description.series
Portolana. Studia Mediterranea
dc.description.seriesnumber
vol. 2
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.isbnpl
83-233-2059-4
dc.identifier.isbnpl
978-83-233-2059-3
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OS
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/271915
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.pubinfopl
Kraków : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
dc.rights*
Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf
dc.share.type
otwarte repozytorium
dc.subject.plpl
Bośnia
dc.subject.plpl
Kościół bośniacki
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Kościół bośniacki i jego znaczenie dla politycznego położenia Bośni w XIII-XIV wieku
dc.title.alternativepl
The Bosnian Church and its significance for Bosnia's political situation in the 13th-14th centuries
dc.title.containerpl
Religie świata śródziemnomorskiego
dc.typepl
BookSection
dspace.entity.type
Publication

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