Przed "potopem" : senatorowie koronni wobec Kozaczyzny i Ukrainy w latach 1654-165

2003
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enThe article constitutes an attempt to analyze the policy of the Polish political elites towards the Cossack population and the Ukraine in-between the Zwaniec and Perejeslaw Treaty Agreements (December 1653/ January 1654) and the Swedish invasion of Poland (July 1655). When signing the Zwaniec Agreement, the Polish side counted on breaking up the Cossack-Tartar alliance; it was only a few weeks later that the Polish side began to consider the idea of winning over the Crimean Tartars in their struggle against the Cossacks, whereas even later - against Moscow. After the Cossacks had surrendered to the Tsar in January 1654, it was obtaining Tartar help, without severing cooperation ties with Transylvania that became the main goal of Polish policy. Due to the conflict between the king and the nobility and the subsequent dissolution of the Diet in 1654, the realization of this political goal had been delayed; in addition, in the summer of 1654, in the midst of the deteriorating economic and political situation, the supporters of a military solution, were unable to vote in a sufficient increase of armaments. In spite of transitional successes (the battle of Ochmatow), the policy whose objective was to suppress the insurrection by force in alliance with the Crimean Khanate, had fallen through. Although in the face of the Swedish invasion in the spring of 1655, the supporters of a military solution insisted on launching the main forces against the Cossacks, yet it was the faction which opted out for negotiations which had been growing in strength since the summer of 1654 that ultimately prevailed upon the king. The Diet of 1655 had supported the latter conception, consenting to grant considerable concessions to the Cossacks, the peasants, as well as the Orthodox church. In spite of the fact that Bohdan Chmielnicki had rejected a treaty agreement, yet the breakthrough in perceiving the Cossack problem had ultimately led to the signing of the Treaty of Hadziacz in 1658.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Historyczny : Instytut Historiipl
dc.contributor.authorDąbrowski, Janusz - 127705 pl
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-10T11:55:44Z
dc.date.available2020-11-10T11:55:44Z
dc.date.issued2003pl
dc.date.openaccess192
dc.description.accesstimepo opublikowaniu
dc.description.additionalStrona wydawcy: https://www.wuj.plpl
dc.description.number130pl
dc.description.physical87-102pl
dc.description.seriesZeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
dc.description.seriesnumber1262
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.eissn2084-4069pl
dc.identifier.issn0083-4351pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OSpl
dc.identifier.seriesissn0860-0139
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/253356
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsDozwolony użytek utworów chronionych*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf*
dc.share.typeotwarte repozytorium
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titlePrzed "potopem" : senatorowie koronni wobec Kozaczyzny i Ukrainy w latach 1654-165pl
dc.title.alternative"Before the deluge" : the crown senators and their attitude towards the Cossack population and the Ukraine in the years 1654-1655pl
dc.title.journalZeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. Prace Historycznepl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The article constitutes an attempt to analyze the policy of the Polish political elites towards the Cossack population and the Ukraine in-between the Zwaniec and Perejeslaw Treaty Agreements (December 1653/ January 1654) and the Swedish invasion of Poland (July 1655). When signing the Zwaniec Agreement, the Polish side counted on breaking up the Cossack-Tartar alliance; it was only a few weeks later that the Polish side began to consider the idea of winning over the Crimean Tartars in their struggle against the Cossacks, whereas even later - against Moscow. After the Cossacks had surrendered to the Tsar in January 1654, it was obtaining Tartar help, without severing cooperation ties with Transylvania that became the main goal of Polish policy. Due to the conflict between the king and the nobility and the subsequent dissolution of the Diet in 1654, the realization of this political goal had been delayed; in addition, in the summer of 1654, in the midst of the deteriorating economic and political situation, the supporters of a military solution, were unable to vote in a sufficient increase of armaments. In spite of transitional successes (the battle of Ochmatow), the policy whose objective was to suppress the insurrection by force in alliance with the Crimean Khanate, had fallen through. Although in the face of the Swedish invasion in the spring of 1655, the supporters of a military solution insisted on launching the main forces against the Cossacks, yet it was the faction which opted out for negotiations which had been growing in strength since the summer of 1654 that ultimately prevailed upon the king. The Diet of 1655 had supported the latter conception, consenting to grant considerable concessions to the Cossacks, the peasants, as well as the Orthodox church. In spite of the fact that Bohdan Chmielnicki had rejected a treaty agreement, yet the breakthrough in perceiving the Cossack problem had ultimately led to the signing of the Treaty of Hadziacz in 1658.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Historyczny : Instytut Historii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Dąbrowski, Janusz - 127705
dc.date.accessioned
2020-11-10T11:55:44Z
dc.date.available
2020-11-10T11:55:44Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2003
dc.date.openaccess
192
dc.description.accesstime
po opublikowaniu
dc.description.additionalpl
Strona wydawcy: https://www.wuj.pl
dc.description.numberpl
130
dc.description.physicalpl
87-102
dc.description.series
Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
dc.description.seriesnumber
1262
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2084-4069
dc.identifier.issnpl
0083-4351
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OS
dc.identifier.seriesissn
0860-0139
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/253356
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf
dc.share.type
otwarte repozytorium
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Przed "potopem" : senatorowie koronni wobec Kozaczyzny i Ukrainy w latach 1654-165
dc.title.alternativepl
"Before the deluge" : the crown senators and their attitude towards the Cossack population and the Ukraine in the years 1654-1655
dc.title.journalpl
Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. Prace Historyczne
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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