Effects of post-WWII forced displacements on long-term landscape dynamics in the Polish Carpathians

2021
journal article
article
16
cris.lastimport.wos2024-04-09T18:47:21Z
dc.abstract.enArmed conflicts and major political changes can result in the forced displacement of thousands of people and may have substantial effects on the environment. However, it is difficult to predict and mitigate long-term consequences of such displacements, especially when they trigger abrupt land-use changes that result in a regime shift of the land-use system. Our main goal was to determine the effects of post-WWII forced displacements on long-term landscape dynamics in the Polish Carpathians. After World War II, 630,000 Ukrainians were forcibly displaced from southeastern Poland, leading to permanent depopulation of mountain borderlands. We conducted a village-level analysis of forest area change across the Polish Carpathians (1685 villages/cadastral communities), and a detailed analyses of landscape change and land-cover trajectories in two highly depopulated test sites. Our source data were pre-war (1850s-1860s and 1930s) and post-war (1970s and 2010s) census data and topographic maps. We found a substantial forest area increase after displacements, far outpacing the widely reported forest increase due to the collapse of socialism in early 1990s, and a striking landscape simplification. Astonishingly, almost two thirds of the post-war (1930s-1970s) forest area increase in the entire Polish Carpathians (115,000 ha out of 181,000 ha) was due to the forced displacements. The land-use regimes shifted from being agriculturally-dominated to being forest-dominated, and approached a stable alternative state. As a result, a once densely populated rural region has become one of the largest ‘wilderness’ areas in Central Europe, with vast areas void of human settlements and resurgent wildlife populations. This highlights that forced displacements, which are common during and after armed conflicts, can have substantial and long-lasting effects on land use.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Geografii i Geologii : Instytut Geografii i Gospodarki Przestrzennejpl
dc.contributor.authorAffek, Andrzej N.pl
dc.contributor.authorWolski, Jacekpl
dc.contributor.authorZachwatowicz, Mariapl
dc.contributor.authorOstafin, Krzysztof - 143667 pl
dc.contributor.authorRadeloff, Volker C.pl
dc.date.accession2021-06-21pl
dc.date.accessioned2021-06-21T12:37:30Z
dc.date.available2021-06-21T12:37:30Z
dc.date.issued2021pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalBibliogr.pl
dc.description.publication1,85pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume214pl
dc.identifier.articleid104164pl
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.landurbplan.2021.104164pl
dc.identifier.eissn1872-6062pl
dc.identifier.issn0169-2046pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/274538
dc.identifier.weblinkhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204621001274pl
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.pbn.affiliationDziedzina nauk społecznych : geografia społeczno-ekonomiczna i gospodarka przestrzennapl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode.pl*
dc.share.typeinne
dc.subject.enresettlementspl
dc.subject.enland abandonmentpl
dc.subject.enland-use changepl
dc.subject.enregime shiftpl
dc.subject.enforest areapl
dc.subject.enWorld War IIpl
dc.subject.plprzesiedlenia ludnościpl
dc.subject.plporzucenie ziemipl
dc.subject.plzmiany użytkowania ziemipl
dc.subject.plprzesunięcia reżimupl
dc.subject.plobszary leśnepl
dc.subject.plII wojna światowapl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleEffects of post-WWII forced displacements on long-term landscape dynamics in the Polish Carpathianspl
dc.title.alternativeWpływ przesiedleń po II wojnie światowej na długookresową dynamikę krajobrazu w polskich Karpatachpl
dc.title.journalLandscape and Urban Planningpl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
cris.lastimport.wos
2024-04-09T18:47:21Z
dc.abstract.enpl
Armed conflicts and major political changes can result in the forced displacement of thousands of people and may have substantial effects on the environment. However, it is difficult to predict and mitigate long-term consequences of such displacements, especially when they trigger abrupt land-use changes that result in a regime shift of the land-use system. Our main goal was to determine the effects of post-WWII forced displacements on long-term landscape dynamics in the Polish Carpathians. After World War II, 630,000 Ukrainians were forcibly displaced from southeastern Poland, leading to permanent depopulation of mountain borderlands. We conducted a village-level analysis of forest area change across the Polish Carpathians (1685 villages/cadastral communities), and a detailed analyses of landscape change and land-cover trajectories in two highly depopulated test sites. Our source data were pre-war (1850s-1860s and 1930s) and post-war (1970s and 2010s) census data and topographic maps. We found a substantial forest area increase after displacements, far outpacing the widely reported forest increase due to the collapse of socialism in early 1990s, and a striking landscape simplification. Astonishingly, almost two thirds of the post-war (1930s-1970s) forest area increase in the entire Polish Carpathians (115,000 ha out of 181,000 ha) was due to the forced displacements. The land-use regimes shifted from being agriculturally-dominated to being forest-dominated, and approached a stable alternative state. As a result, a once densely populated rural region has become one of the largest ‘wilderness’ areas in Central Europe, with vast areas void of human settlements and resurgent wildlife populations. This highlights that forced displacements, which are common during and after armed conflicts, can have substantial and long-lasting effects on land use.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Geografii i Geologii : Instytut Geografii i Gospodarki Przestrzennej
dc.contributor.authorpl
Affek, Andrzej N.
dc.contributor.authorpl
Wolski, Jacek
dc.contributor.authorpl
Zachwatowicz, Maria
dc.contributor.authorpl
Ostafin, Krzysztof - 143667
dc.contributor.authorpl
Radeloff, Volker C.
dc.date.accessionpl
2021-06-21
dc.date.accessioned
2021-06-21T12:37:30Z
dc.date.available
2021-06-21T12:37:30Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2021
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalpl
Bibliogr.
dc.description.publicationpl
1,85
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
214
dc.identifier.articleidpl
104164
dc.identifier.doipl
10.1016/j.landurbplan.2021.104164
dc.identifier.eissnpl
1872-6062
dc.identifier.issnpl
0169-2046
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/274538
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204621001274
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.pbn.affiliationpl
Dziedzina nauk społecznych : geografia społeczno-ekonomiczna i gospodarka przestrzenna
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode.pl
dc.share.type
inne
dc.subject.enpl
resettlements
dc.subject.enpl
land abandonment
dc.subject.enpl
land-use change
dc.subject.enpl
regime shift
dc.subject.enpl
forest area
dc.subject.enpl
World War II
dc.subject.plpl
przesiedlenia ludności
dc.subject.plpl
porzucenie ziemi
dc.subject.plpl
zmiany użytkowania ziemi
dc.subject.plpl
przesunięcia reżimu
dc.subject.plpl
obszary leśne
dc.subject.plpl
II wojna światowa
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Effects of post-WWII forced displacements on long-term landscape dynamics in the Polish Carpathians
dc.title.alternativepl
Wpływ przesiedleń po II wojnie światowej na długookresową dynamikę krajobrazu w polskich Karpatach
dc.title.journalpl
Landscape and Urban Planning
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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