Dwie wielkie debaty w USA : źródła zimnej wojny oraz mechanizm jej zakończenia

2020
book section
article
dc.abstract.enThe Cold War has been a subject of interests of scholars for years. The first great debate concerned the causes of its emergence. Traditionalists saw them in the aggressive behavior of the Soviet Union, aimed at conquering Eastern Europe and Asia, which the United States had to resist. The policy of containment was a symbol of this counteraction. For revisionists, it was the intention of the US to dominate the international system, and the economic interests above all that caused certain actions due to which the USSR came under pressure and had to retaliate. Although the traditionalist concept was initially dominating, the acceptance of the second one has increased since the Vietnam War due to the criticism of the US policy at that time. Those two interpretations of the origins of the Cold War were reinterpreted under the new "neo" terms. The development of research and access to the archive were particularly important here. The second great debate concentrates on the causes of the Cold War ending. Those factors are discussed in terms of president Reagan's policy, transformations within the international system, the Gorbachev reforms and changes in the foreign policy concerned with the surprising and peaceful withdrawal from the Eastern Europe, consent to the unification of Germany, and the independence of the former republics. None of the theories of International Relations (IR) have anticipated such outcome. Although realism was criticized the most, other theories have not have not been able to grasp this phenomenon either. They failed by not asking the right questions, by not taking advantage of the growing number of data, by limiting themselves to one­‍‑sidedness, excessive reductionism, and as if out of habituation to a kind of unchangeable dichotomous world. Nevertheless, many scholars, addressing the issue of the IR theories’ significance, have pointed out that forecasting is not their aim, and therefore, not meeting such expectations does not make them ineffective in researching international relations.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Studiów Międzynarodowych i Politycznych : Instytut Nauk Politycznych i Stosunków Międzynarodowychpl
dc.contributor.authorMania, Andrzej - 130290 pl
dc.contributor.editorKubin, Tomaszpl
dc.contributor.editorŁapaj-Kucharska, Justynapl
dc.contributor.editorOkraska, Tomaszpl
dc.date.accession2021-03-11pl
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-12T18:04:37Z
dc.date.available2021-03-12T18:04:37Z
dc.date.issued2020pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalPubl. rec. Bibliogr. s. 617-622. Przypisypl
dc.description.physical593-623pl
dc.description.publication2,3pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.bookweblinkhttps://wydawnictwo.us.edu.pl/sites/wydawnictwo.us.edu.pl/files/ksiega_wokol_teoretycznych_1_1-748_m.stolarczyk_ebook_10.11.2020_ramki_oniszczuk.pdfpl
dc.identifier.isbn978-83-226-3919-1pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/267285
dc.identifier.weblinkhttps://wydawnictwo.us.edu.pl/sites/wydawnictwo.us.edu.pl/files/ksiega_wokol_teoretycznych_1_1-748_m.stolarczyk_ebook_10.11.2020_ramki_oniszczuk.pdfpl
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.pubinfoKatowice : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiegopl
dc.publisher.ministerialUniwersytet Śląski w Katowicachpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Na tych samych warunkach 4.0 Międzynarodowa*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY-SA
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/legalcode.pl*
dc.share.typeinne
dc.subject.enCold Warpl
dc.subject.eninternational relations theoriespl
dc.subject.entraditionalistspl
dc.subject.enrevisionistspl
dc.subject.enrealismpl
dc.subject.enliberalismpl
dc.subject.enconstructivismpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleDwie wielkie debaty w USA : źródła zimnej wojny oraz mechanizm jej zakończeniapl
dc.title.alternativeTwo great debates in the USA : causes of the Cold War and the mechanism of its endingpl
dc.title.containerWokół teoretycznych i praktycznych aspektów stosunków międzynarodowych : księga jubileuszowa dedykowana profesorowi Mieczysławowi Stolarczykowipl
dc.typeBookSectionpl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The Cold War has been a subject of interests of scholars for years. The first great debate concerned the causes of its emergence. Traditionalists saw them in the aggressive behavior of the Soviet Union, aimed at conquering Eastern Europe and Asia, which the United States had to resist. The policy of containment was a symbol of this counteraction. For revisionists, it was the intention of the US to dominate the international system, and the economic interests above all that caused certain actions due to which the USSR came under pressure and had to retaliate. Although the traditionalist concept was initially dominating, the acceptance of the second one has increased since the Vietnam War due to the criticism of the US policy at that time. Those two interpretations of the origins of the Cold War were reinterpreted under the new "neo" terms. The development of research and access to the archive were particularly important here. The second great debate concentrates on the causes of the Cold War ending. Those factors are discussed in terms of president Reagan's policy, transformations within the international system, the Gorbachev reforms and changes in the foreign policy concerned with the surprising and peaceful withdrawal from the Eastern Europe, consent to the unification of Germany, and the independence of the former republics. None of the theories of International Relations (IR) have anticipated such outcome. Although realism was criticized the most, other theories have not have not been able to grasp this phenomenon either. They failed by not asking the right questions, by not taking advantage of the growing number of data, by limiting themselves to one­‍‑sidedness, excessive reductionism, and as if out of habituation to a kind of unchangeable dichotomous world. Nevertheless, many scholars, addressing the issue of the IR theories’ significance, have pointed out that forecasting is not their aim, and therefore, not meeting such expectations does not make them ineffective in researching international relations.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Studiów Międzynarodowych i Politycznych : Instytut Nauk Politycznych i Stosunków Międzynarodowych
dc.contributor.authorpl
Mania, Andrzej - 130290
dc.contributor.editorpl
Kubin, Tomasz
dc.contributor.editorpl
Łapaj-Kucharska, Justyna
dc.contributor.editorpl
Okraska, Tomasz
dc.date.accessionpl
2021-03-11
dc.date.accessioned
2021-03-12T18:04:37Z
dc.date.available
2021-03-12T18:04:37Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2020
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalpl
Publ. rec. Bibliogr. s. 617-622. Przypisy
dc.description.physicalpl
593-623
dc.description.publicationpl
2,3
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.bookweblinkpl
https://wydawnictwo.us.edu.pl/sites/wydawnictwo.us.edu.pl/files/ksiega_wokol_teoretycznych_1_1-748_m.stolarczyk_ebook_10.11.2020_ramki_oniszczuk.pdf
dc.identifier.isbnpl
978-83-226-3919-1
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/267285
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
https://wydawnictwo.us.edu.pl/sites/wydawnictwo.us.edu.pl/files/ksiega_wokol_teoretycznych_1_1-748_m.stolarczyk_ebook_10.11.2020_ramki_oniszczuk.pdf
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.pubinfopl
Katowice : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
dc.publisher.ministerialpl
Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Na tych samych warunkach 4.0 Międzynarodowa
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY-SA
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/legalcode.pl
dc.share.type
inne
dc.subject.enpl
Cold War
dc.subject.enpl
international relations theories
dc.subject.enpl
traditionalists
dc.subject.enpl
revisionists
dc.subject.enpl
realism
dc.subject.enpl
liberalism
dc.subject.enpl
constructivism
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Dwie wielkie debaty w USA : źródła zimnej wojny oraz mechanizm jej zakończenia
dc.title.alternativepl
Two great debates in the USA : causes of the Cold War and the mechanism of its ending
dc.title.containerpl
Wokół teoretycznych i praktycznych aspektów stosunków międzynarodowych : księga jubileuszowa dedykowana profesorowi Mieczysławowi Stolarczykowi
dc.typepl
BookSection
dspace.entity.type
Publication

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