Depression and anxiety mediate the relationship between temperament and character and psychotic-like experiences in healthy subjects

2016
journal article
article
13
dc.abstract.enIn this study we examined the hypothesis that depression and anxiety may mediate the relationship betweenpersonality traits and both positive and negative psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) in healthy adults. TheCommunity Assessment of Psychic Experiences (CAPE) scale, Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI),Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) were administered to 492healthy individuals. Multiple stepwise regression and mediation analyses were performed to examine whetherdepressive and anxiety symptoms influence the relationship between the TCI dimensions and positive andnegative PLEs. Self-transcendence, persistence, novelty-seeking and self-directedness significantly predictedpositive PLEs; self-directedness and harm avoidance were predictable for negative PLEs. Self-transcendence,self-directedness, persistence and harm avoidance also predicted the distress caused by positive PLEs, whereasself-directedness and harm avoidance predicted distress raised by negative PLEs. Depressive symptoms and thestate of anxiety partially mediated the linkage between self-directedness and positive PLEs, and between self-directedness, harm avoidance and negative PLEs. Our findings confirm that the personality pattern influencesboth positive and negative PLEs as well as distress caused by experiencing positive and negative PLEs, and theyindicate that certain personality traits may influence the development of PLEs via the emotional pathway ofheightened depression and anxiety.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologiipl
dc.contributor.authorProchwicz, Katarzyna - 131546 pl
dc.contributor.authorGawęda, Łukaszpl
dc.date.accessioned2016-12-19T10:22:38Z
dc.date.available2016-12-19T10:22:38Z
dc.date.issued2016pl
dc.description.physical195-202pl
dc.description.volume246pl
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.psychres.2016.09.037pl
dc.identifier.eissn0925-4927pl
dc.identifier.issn0165-1781pl
dc.identifier.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/34069
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rights.licencebez licencji
dc.subject.enpsychotic-like experiencespl
dc.subject.enpersonalitypl
dc.subject.endepressionpl
dc.subject.enanxietypl
dc.subject.enmediationpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleDepression and anxiety mediate the relationship between temperament and character and psychotic-like experiences in healthy subjectspl
dc.title.journalPsychiatry Researchpl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
In this study we examined the hypothesis that depression and anxiety may mediate the relationship betweenpersonality traits and both positive and negative psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) in healthy adults. TheCommunity Assessment of Psychic Experiences (CAPE) scale, Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI),Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) were administered to 492healthy individuals. Multiple stepwise regression and mediation analyses were performed to examine whetherdepressive and anxiety symptoms influence the relationship between the TCI dimensions and positive andnegative PLEs. Self-transcendence, persistence, novelty-seeking and self-directedness significantly predictedpositive PLEs; self-directedness and harm avoidance were predictable for negative PLEs. Self-transcendence,self-directedness, persistence and harm avoidance also predicted the distress caused by positive PLEs, whereasself-directedness and harm avoidance predicted distress raised by negative PLEs. Depressive symptoms and thestate of anxiety partially mediated the linkage between self-directedness and positive PLEs, and between self-directedness, harm avoidance and negative PLEs. Our findings confirm that the personality pattern influencesboth positive and negative PLEs as well as distress caused by experiencing positive and negative PLEs, and theyindicate that certain personality traits may influence the development of PLEs via the emotional pathway ofheightened depression and anxiety.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Prochwicz, Katarzyna - 131546
dc.contributor.authorpl
Gawęda, Łukasz
dc.date.accessioned
2016-12-19T10:22:38Z
dc.date.available
2016-12-19T10:22:38Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2016
dc.description.physicalpl
195-202
dc.description.volumepl
246
dc.identifier.doipl
10.1016/j.psychres.2016.09.037
dc.identifier.eissnpl
0925-4927
dc.identifier.issnpl
0165-1781
dc.identifier.uri
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/34069
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.rights.licence
bez licencji
dc.subject.enpl
psychotic-like experiences
dc.subject.enpl
personality
dc.subject.enpl
depression
dc.subject.enpl
anxiety
dc.subject.enpl
mediation
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Depression and anxiety mediate the relationship between temperament and character and psychotic-like experiences in healthy subjects
dc.title.journalpl
Psychiatry Research
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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