Genueńscy budowniczowie w średniowiecznej Mołdawii?

2009
book section
conference proceedings
dc.abstract.enIt seems that there were not many Genoese living permanently in Moldavia with the exception of Bilhorod - between the 13th and 15th centuries. This situation changed after 1475 when a group of refugees from the Crimea came there. Among this group were young men from Caffa, which called at one of the Moldavian ports. Their presence in Suceava at the end of 15th century was the most probable source of a legend recorded in Moldavian chronicles from the 17th century. According to the legend the Genoese (Ianovezi) were responsible for the foundation of such towns as Suceava, Khotyn, Bilhorod, Kiliya, Neamţ and Roman as well as for the construction of the castles located in these places. It seems that the original idea was borrowed from Marcin Bielski’s chronicle, which was considerably older than Moldavian chronicles. Bielski attributed the foundation of Bilhorod, Kiliya and other Moldavian towns to the Genoese. At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries suggestions concerning Genoese origins of some of the Moldavian castles were supported by two Polish historians - Tadeusz Korzon and Marceli Nałęcz Dobrowolski. Later on similar claims were put forward by Italian historians of architecture - Leone Andrea Maggiorotti and Paolo Stringa. Even though the localisation of the supposedly Genoese castles corresponds with the localisation of the so-called Moldavian route, which was used by the Geonese colonies as a strategic trade route, there are no reliable historical records which would mention any Genoese trade emporium in the Moldavian hinterland. What is more, there are no instances of any defensive structures built by the Genoese along frequented routes in the regions which, unlike Crimean Gazaria, were not under their direct rule. Most heatedly discussed was the topic of Genoese involvement in the construction of the enormous fortress located in Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi. If one decides not to assume that citadel of that castle is of Genoese origins, it is virtually impossible to find any similarities between the supposedly Genoese fortresses in Moldavia and the authentic Genoese structures located in the Black Sea region. It should also be mentioned that some of these structures (Bender, Soroca) were erected as late as in the second quarter of the 16th century.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Historyczny : Instytut Historii Sztukipl
dc.conferenceMare inclitum : oddziaływanie cywilizacji śródziemnomorskiejpl
dc.conference.cityKraków
dc.conference.countryPolska
dc.conference.datefinish2008-11-29
dc.conference.datestart2008-11-28
dc.contributor.authorQuirini-Popławski, Rafał - 131608 pl
dc.contributor.editorQuirini-Popławska, Danutapl
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-25T11:03:54Z
dc.date.available2019-07-25T11:03:54Z
dc.date.issued2009pl
dc.date.openaccess120
dc.description.accesstimepo opublikowaniu
dc.description.additionalStrona wydawcy: https://www.wuj.plpl
dc.description.conftypeinternationalpl
dc.description.physical83-92pl
dc.description.seriesPortolana. Studia Mediterranea
dc.description.seriesnumbervol. 4
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.isbn978-83-233-2833-9pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.seriesissn1733-1293
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/79806
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.pubinfoKraków : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiegopl
dc.rightsDozwolony użytek utworów chronionychPolska
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf*
dc.share.typeotwarte repozytorium
dc.subtypeConferenceProceedingspl
dc.titleGenueńscy budowniczowie w średniowiecznej Mołdawii?pl
dc.title.alternativeGenoese builders in medieval Moldavia?pl
dc.title.containerMare inclitum : oddziaływanie cywilizacji śródziemnomorskiejpl
dc.typeBookSectionpl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
It seems that there were not many Genoese living permanently in Moldavia with the exception of Bilhorod - between the 13th and 15th centuries. This situation changed after 1475 when a group of refugees from the Crimea came there. Among this group were young men from Caffa, which called at one of the Moldavian ports. Their presence in Suceava at the end of 15th century was the most probable source of a legend recorded in Moldavian chronicles from the 17th century. According to the legend the Genoese (Ianovezi) were responsible for the foundation of such towns as Suceava, Khotyn, Bilhorod, Kiliya, Neamţ and Roman as well as for the construction of the castles located in these places. It seems that the original idea was borrowed from Marcin Bielski’s chronicle, which was considerably older than Moldavian chronicles. Bielski attributed the foundation of Bilhorod, Kiliya and other Moldavian towns to the Genoese. At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries suggestions concerning Genoese origins of some of the Moldavian castles were supported by two Polish historians - Tadeusz Korzon and Marceli Nałęcz Dobrowolski. Later on similar claims were put forward by Italian historians of architecture - Leone Andrea Maggiorotti and Paolo Stringa. Even though the localisation of the supposedly Genoese castles corresponds with the localisation of the so-called Moldavian route, which was used by the Geonese colonies as a strategic trade route, there are no reliable historical records which would mention any Genoese trade emporium in the Moldavian hinterland. What is more, there are no instances of any defensive structures built by the Genoese along frequented routes in the regions which, unlike Crimean Gazaria, were not under their direct rule. Most heatedly discussed was the topic of Genoese involvement in the construction of the enormous fortress located in Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi. If one decides not to assume that citadel of that castle is of Genoese origins, it is virtually impossible to find any similarities between the supposedly Genoese fortresses in Moldavia and the authentic Genoese structures located in the Black Sea region. It should also be mentioned that some of these structures (Bender, Soroca) were erected as late as in the second quarter of the 16th century.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Historyczny : Instytut Historii Sztuki
dc.conferencepl
Mare inclitum : oddziaływanie cywilizacji śródziemnomorskiej
dc.conference.city
Kraków
dc.conference.country
Polska
dc.conference.datefinish
2008-11-29
dc.conference.datestart
2008-11-28
dc.contributor.authorpl
Quirini-Popławski, Rafał - 131608
dc.contributor.editorpl
Quirini-Popławska, Danuta
dc.date.accessioned
2019-07-25T11:03:54Z
dc.date.available
2019-07-25T11:03:54Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2009
dc.date.openaccess
120
dc.description.accesstime
po opublikowaniu
dc.description.additionalpl
Strona wydawcy: https://www.wuj.pl
dc.description.conftypepl
international
dc.description.physicalpl
83-92
dc.description.series
Portolana. Studia Mediterranea
dc.description.seriesnumber
vol. 4
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.isbnpl
978-83-233-2833-9
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.seriesissn
1733-1293
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/79806
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.pubinfopl
Kraków : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
dc.rightsPolska
Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf
dc.share.type
otwarte repozytorium
dc.subtypepl
ConferenceProceedings
dc.titlepl
Genueńscy budowniczowie w średniowiecznej Mołdawii?
dc.title.alternativepl
Genoese builders in medieval Moldavia?
dc.title.containerpl
Mare inclitum : oddziaływanie cywilizacji śródziemnomorskiej
dc.typepl
BookSection
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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