Hybrid threats and warfare, are we really facing something new?

2017
journal article
article
cris.lastimport.wos2024-04-09T20:13:41Z
dc.abstract.enSince 2014 the term hybrid warfare and threats has become catchword. This term (hybrid warfare) was introduced to academic discourse by William J. Nemeth in 2002 in relation to the wars in Chechnya and popularised in 2006 by Frank G. Hoffman in relation, among other things, to the second Intifada. In 2014 after the annexation of Crimea by Russia and the outbreak of fighting in eastern Ukraine, the terms hybrid war and hybrid threats were transferred from scholarly discussion to politics and official documents. The author seeks to answer the following question: is the invention of so called hybrid warfare and hybrid threats something new, or rather a confused reaction to European Union and NATO astonishment at Russian activity in the eastern and southern frontiers of Ukraine. The fact that armed conflict includes mixed elements of regular and irregular forms of armed combat, guerillas and terrorists, criminal acts, use of new technologies to conduct armed, information, psychological or economic warfare is not new. Scholars who investigate hybrid conflicts give examples of historic wars starting from the war between Rome and the Germans (Publius Quinctilius Varus campaign in 9 AD against German tribes led by Arminius), through the war of independence in the USA, to the Chechen wars. Nowadays, greater and greater dependence on technology, information delivered in almost real time and the creation of more elaborate and complicated procedures and decisive processes in Western countries have increased the vulnerability to hostile actions other than military ones and ones that use military force.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Studiów Międzynarodowych i Politycznych : Instytut Bliskiego i Dalekiego Wschodupl
dc.contributor.authorKrólikowski, Hubert - 186358 pl
dc.date.accession2019-02-25pl
dc.date.accessioned2019-02-25T12:05:13Z
dc.date.available2019-02-25T12:05:13Z
dc.date.issued2017pl
dc.date.openaccess6
dc.description.accesstimepo opublikowaniu
dc.description.number2pl
dc.description.physical9-22pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume9pl
dc.identifier.doi10.5604/01.3001.0012.1698pl
dc.identifier.issn2080-5268pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / Opl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/69167
dc.identifier.weblinkhttps://internalsecurity.pl/resources/html/articlesList?issueId=11417pl
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rightsDodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.uri*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enhybrid warfarepl
dc.subject.enhybrid treatspl
dc.subject.enmilitary activitiespl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleHybrid threats and warfare, are we really facing something new?pl
dc.title.journalInternal Securitypl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
cris.lastimport.wos
2024-04-09T20:13:41Z
dc.abstract.enpl
Since 2014 the term hybrid warfare and threats has become catchword. This term (hybrid warfare) was introduced to academic discourse by William J. Nemeth in 2002 in relation to the wars in Chechnya and popularised in 2006 by Frank G. Hoffman in relation, among other things, to the second Intifada. In 2014 after the annexation of Crimea by Russia and the outbreak of fighting in eastern Ukraine, the terms hybrid war and hybrid threats were transferred from scholarly discussion to politics and official documents. The author seeks to answer the following question: is the invention of so called hybrid warfare and hybrid threats something new, or rather a confused reaction to European Union and NATO astonishment at Russian activity in the eastern and southern frontiers of Ukraine. The fact that armed conflict includes mixed elements of regular and irregular forms of armed combat, guerillas and terrorists, criminal acts, use of new technologies to conduct armed, information, psychological or economic warfare is not new. Scholars who investigate hybrid conflicts give examples of historic wars starting from the war between Rome and the Germans (Publius Quinctilius Varus campaign in 9 AD against German tribes led by Arminius), through the war of independence in the USA, to the Chechen wars. Nowadays, greater and greater dependence on technology, information delivered in almost real time and the creation of more elaborate and complicated procedures and decisive processes in Western countries have increased the vulnerability to hostile actions other than military ones and ones that use military force.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Studiów Międzynarodowych i Politycznych : Instytut Bliskiego i Dalekiego Wschodu
dc.contributor.authorpl
Królikowski, Hubert - 186358
dc.date.accessionpl
2019-02-25
dc.date.accessioned
2019-02-25T12:05:13Z
dc.date.available
2019-02-25T12:05:13Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2017
dc.date.openaccess
6
dc.description.accesstime
po opublikowaniu
dc.description.numberpl
2
dc.description.physicalpl
9-22
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
9
dc.identifier.doipl
10.5604/01.3001.0012.1698
dc.identifier.issnpl
2080-5268
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / O
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/69167
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
https://internalsecurity.pl/resources/html/articlesList?issueId=11417
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.rights*
Dodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
hybrid warfare
dc.subject.enpl
hybrid treats
dc.subject.enpl
military activities
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Hybrid threats and warfare, are we really facing something new?
dc.title.journalpl
Internal Security
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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