Naturalizm : blaski i cienie

2015
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enThis paper tries to show virtues and difficulties of naturalism as a philosophical projects. After a preliminary characterization of naturalism as a view admitting that only spatiotemporal facts exist and rejecting the existence of any supernatural (transcending scientific and ordinary object), a short history of naturalism is outlined. The historical report motivates some distinctions, namely (a) ontological, epistemological naturalism; (b) radical naturalism vs. moderate naturalism; (c) global naturalism vs. local naturalism; (d) naturalism as a theory (theoretical naturalism) vs. naturalism as a method (methodological naturalism); (e) naturalism as a program vs. naturalism as a doctrine. The author opts for the combination of moderate, local, methodological and programmatic naturalism. The general strategy of naturalizing something is illustrated by the case of normative discourse. In particular, Hume’s thesis that ought-sentences are not logically derivable from is-sentences is examined by tools provided by deontic logic. The main conclusion is this: although naturalism must meet several deep difficulties, the opposite view, that is, anti-naturalism is essentially dubious, because I recommends mysterious ontology and epistemology.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Filozofiipl
dc.contributor.authorWoleński, Jan - 128313 pl
dc.date.accession2020-03-23pl
dc.date.accessioned2020-03-23T12:58:18Z
dc.date.available2020-03-23T12:58:18Z
dc.date.issued2015pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalBibliogr. s. 28-29pl
dc.description.number4pl
dc.description.physical7-30pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.issn1231-8515pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/152196
dc.identifier.weblinkhttp://journals.pan.pl/Content/92406/mainfile.pdfpl
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 3.0 Polska*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY-NC-ND
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/legalcode*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.ennaturepl
dc.subject.entranscendentalpl
dc.subject.enfactspl
dc.subject.enanti-naturalismpl
dc.subject.enontologypl
dc.subject.enepistemologypl
dc.subject.enaxiologypl
dc.subject.endeontic logicpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleNaturalizm : blaski i cieniepl
dc.title.alternativeNaturalism : ups and downspl
dc.title.journalNaukapl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
This paper tries to show virtues and difficulties of naturalism as a philosophical projects. After a preliminary characterization of naturalism as a view admitting that only spatiotemporal facts exist and rejecting the existence of any supernatural (transcending scientific and ordinary object), a short history of naturalism is outlined. The historical report motivates some distinctions, namely (a) ontological, epistemological naturalism; (b) radical naturalism vs. moderate naturalism; (c) global naturalism vs. local naturalism; (d) naturalism as a theory (theoretical naturalism) vs. naturalism as a method (methodological naturalism); (e) naturalism as a program vs. naturalism as a doctrine. The author opts for the combination of moderate, local, methodological and programmatic naturalism. The general strategy of naturalizing something is illustrated by the case of normative discourse. In particular, Hume’s thesis that ought-sentences are not logically derivable from is-sentences is examined by tools provided by deontic logic. The main conclusion is this: although naturalism must meet several deep difficulties, the opposite view, that is, anti-naturalism is essentially dubious, because I recommends mysterious ontology and epistemology.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Filozofii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Woleński, Jan - 128313
dc.date.accessionpl
2020-03-23
dc.date.accessioned
2020-03-23T12:58:18Z
dc.date.available
2020-03-23T12:58:18Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2015
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalpl
Bibliogr. s. 28-29
dc.description.numberpl
4
dc.description.physicalpl
7-30
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.issnpl
1231-8515
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/152196
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
http://journals.pan.pl/Content/92406/mainfile.pdf
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 3.0 Polska
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY-NC-ND
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/legalcode
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
nature
dc.subject.enpl
transcendental
dc.subject.enpl
facts
dc.subject.enpl
anti-naturalism
dc.subject.enpl
ontology
dc.subject.enpl
epistemology
dc.subject.enpl
axiology
dc.subject.enpl
deontic logic
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Naturalizm : blaski i cienie
dc.title.alternativepl
Naturalism : ups and downs
dc.title.journalpl
Nauka
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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