Prawo do wolnych wyborów w Europejskiej Konwencji Praw Człowieka

2015
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enThe right to vote is not part of the main text of the European Convention of Human Rights enacted in 1950. This right, considered difficult to be set out in a single treaty provision due to the diversity of the relevant constitutional traditions in the member States, has been eventually located in Article 3 of the First Additional Protocol to the Convention (1951). Penned differently than the other Convention provisions and named the right to free elections, Article 3 of Protocol no. 1 seems to focus on the institutional dimension: it prescribes that free election be held at reasonable intervals by secret ballot, ensuring the free expression of the opinion in the choice of the legislature. Moreover, both Strasbourg control bodies: the European Commission on Human Rights (ceased to exist on 1 November 1998) and the European Court on Human Rights have been assuming that member States are given broad discretion, called (significant) margin of appreciation, in the field of elections. Despite those assumptions, a personal aspect of the right of elections has been identified as inherent in Article 3. It means that under the provision on free elections individuals (and other corporate entities, first of all political parties) have a right to vote and to stand in elections. The Court turned out to be ready to find a number of violations of the right to free elections (until 2014 there were 67 such judgments). In its recent case law the Court happened to have been highly critical of domestic provisions prohibiting, in general terms, whole groups (as prisoners or incapacitated people) from voting. But in other election-related matters the Court still remains awarding significant discretionary powers to the member States.pl
dc.contributor.authorKamiński, Ireneusz - 100670 pl
dc.date.accession2019-11-21pl
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-21T09:05:14Z
dc.date.available2019-11-21T09:05:14Z
dc.date.issued2015pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.physical7-40pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume13pl
dc.identifier.doi10.26106/x13m-rv29pl
dc.identifier.issn1730-4504pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/87534
dc.identifier.weblinkhttp://www.europeistyka.uj.edu.pl/documents/3458728/95422804/007-040.I.C.Kaminskipl
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Na tych samych warunkach 4.0 Międzynarodowa*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY-NC-SA
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/legalcode.pl*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titlePrawo do wolnych wyborów w Europejskiej Konwencji Praw Człowiekapl
dc.title.alternativeRight to free elections in the European Convention of Human Rightspl
dc.title.journalProblemy Współczesnego Prawa Międzynarodowego, Europejskiego i Porównawczegopl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The right to vote is not part of the main text of the European Convention of Human Rights enacted in 1950. This right, considered difficult to be set out in a single treaty provision due to the diversity of the relevant constitutional traditions in the member States, has been eventually located in Article 3 of the First Additional Protocol to the Convention (1951). Penned differently than the other Convention provisions and named the right to free elections, Article 3 of Protocol no. 1 seems to focus on the institutional dimension: it prescribes that free election be held at reasonable intervals by secret ballot, ensuring the free expression of the opinion in the choice of the legislature. Moreover, both Strasbourg control bodies: the European Commission on Human Rights (ceased to exist on 1 November 1998) and the European Court on Human Rights have been assuming that member States are given broad discretion, called (significant) margin of appreciation, in the field of elections. Despite those assumptions, a personal aspect of the right of elections has been identified as inherent in Article 3. It means that under the provision on free elections individuals (and other corporate entities, first of all political parties) have a right to vote and to stand in elections. The Court turned out to be ready to find a number of violations of the right to free elections (until 2014 there were 67 such judgments). In its recent case law the Court happened to have been highly critical of domestic provisions prohibiting, in general terms, whole groups (as prisoners or incapacitated people) from voting. But in other election-related matters the Court still remains awarding significant discretionary powers to the member States.
dc.contributor.authorpl
Kamiński, Ireneusz - 100670
dc.date.accessionpl
2019-11-21
dc.date.accessioned
2019-11-21T09:05:14Z
dc.date.available
2019-11-21T09:05:14Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2015
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.physicalpl
7-40
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
13
dc.identifier.doipl
10.26106/x13m-rv29
dc.identifier.issnpl
1730-4504
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/87534
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
http://www.europeistyka.uj.edu.pl/documents/3458728/95422804/007-040.I.C.Kaminski
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Na tych samych warunkach 4.0 Międzynarodowa
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY-NC-SA
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/legalcode.pl
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Prawo do wolnych wyborów w Europejskiej Konwencji Praw Człowieka
dc.title.alternativepl
Right to free elections in the European Convention of Human Rights
dc.title.journalpl
Problemy Współczesnego Prawa Międzynarodowego, Europejskiego i Porównawczego
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
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