Absolutne poznanie i doskonała wiedza Boga według Williama Ockhama na podstawie jego "Tractatus de Praedestinatione"

2000
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enAbsolute knowledge of God is one of the most important theological notions in scholastic philosophy and theology. The present paper shows the theory of God’s knowledge (scientia Dei) given by William of Ockham (ca. 1285-1349), an English thinker from Franciscan Order and a brilliant founder of the "via modema", sceptical part of the late scholastic philosophy. According to Ockham’s Tractatus de praedestinatione (written about 1322), God has intuitive knowledge of all the events (notitia intuitiva). This knowledge is perfect (perfecta). clear (clara) and evident (evidens). A special problem occurs in the relation between philosophy and theology in this work of the Franciscan thinker. Philosophy cannot explain how God knows all future contingent facts (futura contingentia), but Ockham as a theologian is sure that theology is superior than philosophy and can give more adequate explanation of the true. By Ockham the creator of the world has absolute cognition of all future facts and human actions too, but man before salvation cannot understand how it is possible. Ockham’s considerations of the nature of human predestination show that God knows all our activity, but we are always free from any pressure and our deeds have moral value. The Venerabilis Inceptor criticised demonstrations given by Duns Scotus using his logical investigations with explicit nominalistic tendency. The importance of the Ockham’s philosophy should be more particularly discussed in future researches. Nevertheless the presentation and analysis of the Tractatus de praedestinatione allows us to recognise its great value for history of medieval philosophy and theology.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Filozofiipl
dc.contributor.authorKaras, Marcin - 128642 pl
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-22T06:06:03Z
dc.date.available2019-10-22T06:06:03Z
dc.date.issued2000pl
dc.date.openaccess240
dc.description.accesstimepo opublikowaniu
dc.description.additionalStrona wydawcy: https://www.wuj.plpl
dc.description.physical247-258pl
dc.description.seriesZeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
dc.description.seriesnumber1246
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume33pl
dc.identifier.eissn2084-4077pl
dc.identifier.isbn83-233-1444-6pl
dc.identifier.isbn978-83-233-1444-8pl
dc.identifier.issn0137-2432pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OSpl
dc.identifier.seriesissn0860-0139
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/85368
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsDozwolony użytek utworów chronionych*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf*
dc.share.typeotwarte repozytorium
dc.subject.enWilliam Ockhampl
dc.subject.plWilliam Ockhampl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleAbsolutne poznanie i doskonała wiedza Boga według Williama Ockhama na podstawie jego "Tractatus de Praedestinatione"pl
dc.title.alternativeThe absolute cognition and perfect knowledge of God in William of Ockham's based "Tractatus de Praedestinatione"pl
dc.title.journalZeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. Studia Religiologicapl
dc.title.volumeAbsolut - Istota Najwyższa - Bóg w religiach i dociekaniach filozoficznychpl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
Absolute knowledge of God is one of the most important theological notions in scholastic philosophy and theology. The present paper shows the theory of God’s knowledge (scientia Dei) given by William of Ockham (ca. 1285-1349), an English thinker from Franciscan Order and a brilliant founder of the "via modema", sceptical part of the late scholastic philosophy. According to Ockham’s Tractatus de praedestinatione (written about 1322), God has intuitive knowledge of all the events (notitia intuitiva). This knowledge is perfect (perfecta). clear (clara) and evident (evidens). A special problem occurs in the relation between philosophy and theology in this work of the Franciscan thinker. Philosophy cannot explain how God knows all future contingent facts (futura contingentia), but Ockham as a theologian is sure that theology is superior than philosophy and can give more adequate explanation of the true. By Ockham the creator of the world has absolute cognition of all future facts and human actions too, but man before salvation cannot understand how it is possible. Ockham’s considerations of the nature of human predestination show that God knows all our activity, but we are always free from any pressure and our deeds have moral value. The Venerabilis Inceptor criticised demonstrations given by Duns Scotus using his logical investigations with explicit nominalistic tendency. The importance of the Ockham’s philosophy should be more particularly discussed in future researches. Nevertheless the presentation and analysis of the Tractatus de praedestinatione allows us to recognise its great value for history of medieval philosophy and theology.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Filozofii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Karas, Marcin - 128642
dc.date.accessioned
2019-10-22T06:06:03Z
dc.date.available
2019-10-22T06:06:03Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2000
dc.date.openaccess
240
dc.description.accesstime
po opublikowaniu
dc.description.additionalpl
Strona wydawcy: https://www.wuj.pl
dc.description.physicalpl
247-258
dc.description.series
Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
dc.description.seriesnumber
1246
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
33
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2084-4077
dc.identifier.isbnpl
83-233-1444-6
dc.identifier.isbnpl
978-83-233-1444-8
dc.identifier.issnpl
0137-2432
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OS
dc.identifier.seriesissn
0860-0139
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/85368
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf
dc.share.type
otwarte repozytorium
dc.subject.enpl
William Ockham
dc.subject.plpl
William Ockham
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Absolutne poznanie i doskonała wiedza Boga według Williama Ockhama na podstawie jego "Tractatus de Praedestinatione"
dc.title.alternativepl
The absolute cognition and perfect knowledge of God in William of Ockham's based "Tractatus de Praedestinatione"
dc.title.journalpl
Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. Studia Religiologica
dc.title.volumepl
Absolut - Istota Najwyższa - Bóg w religiach i dociekaniach filozoficznych
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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