"Nusekh Poyln" and the "New Jewish Man" : the image of the Jewish communist in Yiddish literature of post-war Poland

2018
journal article
article
cris.lastimport.wos2024-04-09T21:38:01Z
dc.abstract.enAfter World War II, the Communist regime took over power directly after the liberation of Poland in 1945. Jewish survivors, having stayed in the country for a certain period of time, tried to revive their multilingual cultural life. Literary works of writers in that community are a fascinating testimony of their struggles: how to be loyal to the Socialist state (condition sine qua non to take part in the official cultural life) on the one hand, and on the other how to express their feelings, thoughts and convictions which they could not and did not want to ignore. Their struggles can be observed on the sample of the three most important motifs of postwar Polish-Yiddish literature: the Holocaust, Communism itself, and Polish-Jewish relations. The article discusses selected literary works of the most prominent Polish-Yiddish writers, whose main character or lyric subject is the ‘new Jewish man’ shaped according to the Communist principles. The author attempts to answer the question of what the most important features of a personality formed by Communist doctrine are, and also to learn about the circumstances of the communist world in which that literary hero lives. Close reading of the programmatic literary pieces of some Communist writers also enables observing whether and how Polish Jewish Communists managed to find a compromise between the mutually exclusive Communist internationalism and their attachment to Yiddish-language culture, and how they reacted when information of Stalinist crimes came to light and their party comrades turned the blade of antisemitism against them. The ambitious project to build a new model of secular progressive Yiddish culture (the so-called ‘nusekh Poyln’), failed to bring the expected results. In spite of concerted attempts to meet the unrealistic demands of Socialist Realism, it soon transpired that Polish-Yiddish literature under Communism was unable to deal with the lack of space afforded by Communist ideology for mourning its murdered nation or with the spasms of unease that were the reaction to the periodic antisemitism in the non-Jewish environment.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Historyczny : Instytut Judaistykipl
dc.contributor.authorRuta, Magdalena - 101410 pl
dc.date.accession2019-08-19pl
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-02T09:25:36Z
dc.date.available2019-10-02T09:25:36Z
dc.date.issued2018pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.physical133-142pl
dc.description.publication0,72pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume16pl
dc.identifier.doi10.4467/20843925SJ.18.010.10824pl
dc.identifier.eissn2084-3925pl
dc.identifier.issn1733-5760pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/83852
dc.identifier.weblinkhttp://www.ejournals.eu/Scripta-Judaica-Cracoviensia/2018/Volume-16/art/14182/pl
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowa*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY-ND
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/legalcode.pl*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enYiddish literaturepl
dc.subject.enCommunismpl
dc.subject.enpostwar Polandpl
dc.subject.enHolocaustpl
dc.subject.ennew Jewish manpl
dc.subject.enSocialist Realismpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.title"Nusekh Poyln" and the "New Jewish Man" : the image of the Jewish communist in Yiddish literature of post-war Polandpl
dc.title.journalScripta Judaica Cracoviensiapl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
cris.lastimport.wos
2024-04-09T21:38:01Z
dc.abstract.enpl
After World War II, the Communist regime took over power directly after the liberation of Poland in 1945. Jewish survivors, having stayed in the country for a certain period of time, tried to revive their multilingual cultural life. Literary works of writers in that community are a fascinating testimony of their struggles: how to be loyal to the Socialist state (condition sine qua non to take part in the official cultural life) on the one hand, and on the other how to express their feelings, thoughts and convictions which they could not and did not want to ignore. Their struggles can be observed on the sample of the three most important motifs of postwar Polish-Yiddish literature: the Holocaust, Communism itself, and Polish-Jewish relations. The article discusses selected literary works of the most prominent Polish-Yiddish writers, whose main character or lyric subject is the ‘new Jewish man’ shaped according to the Communist principles. The author attempts to answer the question of what the most important features of a personality formed by Communist doctrine are, and also to learn about the circumstances of the communist world in which that literary hero lives. Close reading of the programmatic literary pieces of some Communist writers also enables observing whether and how Polish Jewish Communists managed to find a compromise between the mutually exclusive Communist internationalism and their attachment to Yiddish-language culture, and how they reacted when information of Stalinist crimes came to light and their party comrades turned the blade of antisemitism against them. The ambitious project to build a new model of secular progressive Yiddish culture (the so-called ‘nusekh Poyln’), failed to bring the expected results. In spite of concerted attempts to meet the unrealistic demands of Socialist Realism, it soon transpired that Polish-Yiddish literature under Communism was unable to deal with the lack of space afforded by Communist ideology for mourning its murdered nation or with the spasms of unease that were the reaction to the periodic antisemitism in the non-Jewish environment.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Historyczny : Instytut Judaistyki
dc.contributor.authorpl
Ruta, Magdalena - 101410
dc.date.accessionpl
2019-08-19
dc.date.accessioned
2019-10-02T09:25:36Z
dc.date.available
2019-10-02T09:25:36Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2018
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.physicalpl
133-142
dc.description.publicationpl
0,72
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
16
dc.identifier.doipl
10.4467/20843925SJ.18.010.10824
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2084-3925
dc.identifier.issnpl
1733-5760
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/83852
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
http://www.ejournals.eu/Scripta-Judaica-Cracoviensia/2018/Volume-16/art/14182/
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowa
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY-ND
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/legalcode.pl
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
Yiddish literature
dc.subject.enpl
Communism
dc.subject.enpl
postwar Poland
dc.subject.enpl
Holocaust
dc.subject.enpl
new Jewish man
dc.subject.enpl
Socialist Realism
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
"Nusekh Poyln" and the "New Jewish Man" : the image of the Jewish communist in Yiddish literature of post-war Poland
dc.title.journalpl
Scripta Judaica Cracoviensia
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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