Informator, świadek historii, narrator : kilka wątków epistemologicznych i etycznych "oral history"

2011
journal article
article
cris.lastimport.wos2024-04-09T21:36:41Z
dc.abstract.enThe article presents main trends that have been present in oral history of Anglo-Saxon, German and Polish cultures since the 1960s till today. The thesis of the article is comprised in the text’s structure: an account of the history and methodological variety of oral history in terms of definitions given - now or in the past - to a person being interviewed. According to the author, these definitions reflect epistemological horizons of researchers’ expectations, the ethical aspects of their research subject choices and ethical status of oral history in contemporary culture. "Informer" is a term taken from sociology. It is typical for the days when oral history tried to become part of the modernist paradigm dominant in the 1960s and 70s. A crisis in epistemology in 1980s shifted the scientific interest to linguistic aspect of cognition, introducing the term "narrator" to oral history. The author discusses two trends in which this word appears along with a category of "experience": a German biographical method which was popular also in Poland, and a method of research formulated under the influence of Alessandro Portelli, in which the main role is played by relations between a narrator/speaker and a historian. On the other hand, the concept of “a witness to history”, predominant in Polish oral history, represents specific epistemological and ethical paradoxes which have their origins in circumstances, in which this domain of “civic historiography” was born. Finally, the author focuses on ethical issues of conducting an interview, and a problem of transcribing and editing an oral narrative.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Historyczny : Instytut Historiipl
dc.contributor.authorKurkowska-Budzan, Marta - 129768 pl
dc.date.accession2019-09-23pl
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-23T05:51:46Z
dc.date.available2019-09-23T05:51:46Z
dc.date.issued2011pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.physical9-34pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume1pl
dc.identifier.doi10.26774/wrhm.5pl
dc.identifier.issn2084-0578pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/83097
dc.identifier.weblinkhttps://wrhm.pl/wrhm/article/view/5pl
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Na tych samych warunkach 4.0 Międzynarodowa*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY-SA
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/legalcode.pl*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.ploral historypl
dc.subject.plświadek historiipl
dc.subject.plAlessandro Portellipl
dc.subject.plinformatorpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleInformator, świadek historii, narrator : kilka wątków epistemologicznych i etycznych "oral history"pl
dc.title.alternativeAn informer, a witness to history, a narrator : a few epistemological and ethical themes in "oral history"pl
dc.title.journalWrocławski Rocznik Historii Mówionejpl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
cris.lastimport.wos
2024-04-09T21:36:41Z
dc.abstract.enpl
The article presents main trends that have been present in oral history of Anglo-Saxon, German and Polish cultures since the 1960s till today. The thesis of the article is comprised in the text’s structure: an account of the history and methodological variety of oral history in terms of definitions given - now or in the past - to a person being interviewed. According to the author, these definitions reflect epistemological horizons of researchers’ expectations, the ethical aspects of their research subject choices and ethical status of oral history in contemporary culture. "Informer" is a term taken from sociology. It is typical for the days when oral history tried to become part of the modernist paradigm dominant in the 1960s and 70s. A crisis in epistemology in 1980s shifted the scientific interest to linguistic aspect of cognition, introducing the term "narrator" to oral history. The author discusses two trends in which this word appears along with a category of "experience": a German biographical method which was popular also in Poland, and a method of research formulated under the influence of Alessandro Portelli, in which the main role is played by relations between a narrator/speaker and a historian. On the other hand, the concept of “a witness to history”, predominant in Polish oral history, represents specific epistemological and ethical paradoxes which have their origins in circumstances, in which this domain of “civic historiography” was born. Finally, the author focuses on ethical issues of conducting an interview, and a problem of transcribing and editing an oral narrative.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Historyczny : Instytut Historii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Kurkowska-Budzan, Marta - 129768
dc.date.accessionpl
2019-09-23
dc.date.accessioned
2019-09-23T05:51:46Z
dc.date.available
2019-09-23T05:51:46Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2011
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.physicalpl
9-34
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
1
dc.identifier.doipl
10.26774/wrhm.5
dc.identifier.issnpl
2084-0578
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/83097
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
https://wrhm.pl/wrhm/article/view/5
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Na tych samych warunkach 4.0 Międzynarodowa
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY-SA
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/legalcode.pl
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.plpl
oral history
dc.subject.plpl
świadek historii
dc.subject.plpl
Alessandro Portelli
dc.subject.plpl
informator
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Informator, świadek historii, narrator : kilka wątków epistemologicznych i etycznych "oral history"
dc.title.alternativepl
An informer, a witness to history, a narrator : a few epistemological and ethical themes in "oral history"
dc.title.journalpl
Wrocławski Rocznik Historii Mówionej
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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