Problem przedstawiania wizerunków zwierzęcych w dziełach rzemiosła artystycznego na przykładzie kałamarza ze zbiorów Muzeum UJ

2012
journal article
article
cris.lastimport.wos2024-04-10T01:11:57Z
dc.abstract.enA 19th-century inkwell in the form of a cross spider which can be found in the Jagiellonian University collection represents a large group of Viennese bronze figurines. It was probably manufactured at Franz Bergmann's shop in Vienna in 1894. In the same year it was bought by Zygmunt Pusłowski in Kraków, most likely at Wilhelm Fenz's shop (Skład Towarów Galanteryjnych). The inkwell was cast, then chasing and painting were applied, faithfully rendering the specimen's morphology detail. Despite some anatomic inaccuracies, one can identify the species, sex and age of the original specimen. It can be assumed that the workshop marketed a series of inkwells in the form of spiders. A similar inkwell which has survived in a private collection, features a naturalistically rendered spider with the inkwell container hidden in its abdomen - in this case it is a Theridiidae (tangle-web) spider. The same anatomical errors may be found in both items, but in both cases a similar care for detail, also in taxonomic terms, is shown. Interestingly, the artist has chosen both specimens belonging to synanthropic species which people can see around. While the garden spider was modelled after a live spider during its everyday occupations, the representative of the Steatoda was dead. It was probably found somewhere in the cellar or a cubbyhole. The figurines were made using the lost-wax casting technique, using a plaster mould, thanks to which precision in rendering detail was possible. The manufacturer faithfully rendered tiny details of the model, but its size was enlarged nearly 1000 times. The items are of interest in the cultural context as well - the spider motif has a symbolic meaning which may be retraced back to the ancient era and which was evolving until the late-19th-century symbolism.pl
dc.affiliationPion Prorektora ds. polityki kadrowej i finansowej : Muzeum UJpl
dc.contributor.authorTaborska, Małgorzata - 132364 pl
dc.contributor.authorFrontczak, Beata - 127953 pl
dc.date.accessioned2019-06-18T08:26:43Z
dc.date.available2019-06-18T08:26:43Z
dc.date.issued2012pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.physical45-61pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume20pl
dc.identifier.doi10.4467/20843852.OM.12.004.1007pl
dc.identifier.eissn2084-3852pl
dc.identifier.issn0239-9989pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/77395
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsDozwolony użytek utworów chronionych*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enViennese bronze figurinespl
dc.subject.enBermann manufactorypl
dc.subject.eninkwellpl
dc.subject.engarden spiderpl
dc.subject.plwiedeńskie brązypl
dc.subject.plFirma Bermannpl
dc.subject.plkałamarzpl
dc.subject.plpająk krzyżakpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleProblem przedstawiania wizerunków zwierzęcych w dziełach rzemiosła artystycznego na przykładzie kałamarza ze zbiorów Muzeum UJpl
dc.title.alternativeProblem of animal representations in applied art on the example of an inkwell from the Jagellonian University Museum's Collectionpl
dc.title.journalOpuscula Musealiapl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
cris.lastimport.wos
2024-04-10T01:11:57Z
dc.abstract.enpl
A 19th-century inkwell in the form of a cross spider which can be found in the Jagiellonian University collection represents a large group of Viennese bronze figurines. It was probably manufactured at Franz Bergmann's shop in Vienna in 1894. In the same year it was bought by Zygmunt Pusłowski in Kraków, most likely at Wilhelm Fenz's shop (Skład Towarów Galanteryjnych). The inkwell was cast, then chasing and painting were applied, faithfully rendering the specimen's morphology detail. Despite some anatomic inaccuracies, one can identify the species, sex and age of the original specimen. It can be assumed that the workshop marketed a series of inkwells in the form of spiders. A similar inkwell which has survived in a private collection, features a naturalistically rendered spider with the inkwell container hidden in its abdomen - in this case it is a Theridiidae (tangle-web) spider. The same anatomical errors may be found in both items, but in both cases a similar care for detail, also in taxonomic terms, is shown. Interestingly, the artist has chosen both specimens belonging to synanthropic species which people can see around. While the garden spider was modelled after a live spider during its everyday occupations, the representative of the Steatoda was dead. It was probably found somewhere in the cellar or a cubbyhole. The figurines were made using the lost-wax casting technique, using a plaster mould, thanks to which precision in rendering detail was possible. The manufacturer faithfully rendered tiny details of the model, but its size was enlarged nearly 1000 times. The items are of interest in the cultural context as well - the spider motif has a symbolic meaning which may be retraced back to the ancient era and which was evolving until the late-19th-century symbolism.
dc.affiliationpl
Pion Prorektora ds. polityki kadrowej i finansowej : Muzeum UJ
dc.contributor.authorpl
Taborska, Małgorzata - 132364
dc.contributor.authorpl
Frontczak, Beata - 127953
dc.date.accessioned
2019-06-18T08:26:43Z
dc.date.available
2019-06-18T08:26:43Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2012
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.physicalpl
45-61
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
20
dc.identifier.doipl
10.4467/20843852.OM.12.004.1007
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2084-3852
dc.identifier.issnpl
0239-9989
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/77395
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
Viennese bronze figurines
dc.subject.enpl
Bermann manufactory
dc.subject.enpl
inkwell
dc.subject.enpl
garden spider
dc.subject.plpl
wiedeńskie brązy
dc.subject.plpl
Firma Bermann
dc.subject.plpl
kałamarz
dc.subject.plpl
pająk krzyżak
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Problem przedstawiania wizerunków zwierzęcych w dziełach rzemiosła artystycznego na przykładzie kałamarza ze zbiorów Muzeum UJ
dc.title.alternativepl
Problem of animal representations in applied art on the example of an inkwell from the Jagellonian University Museum's Collection
dc.title.journalpl
Opuscula Musealia
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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