Withdrawal aversion as a useful heuristic for critical care decisions

2019
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enWhile agreeing with the main conclusion of Dominic Wilkinson and colleagues (Wilkinson, Butcherine, and Savulescu 2019), namely, that there is no moral difference between treatment withholding and withdrawal as such, we wish to criticize their approach on the basis that it treats the widespread acceptance of withdrawal aversion (WA) as a cognitive bias. Wilkinson and colleagues understand WA as "a nonrational preference for withholding (WH) treatment over withdrawal (WD) of treatment" (22). They treat WA as a manifestation of loss aversion and refer to Kahneman and colleagues (1991), which defined this effect as follows: "the disutility of giving up an object is greater that the utility associated with acquiring it" (194). In a previous work, Wilkinson and Savulescu understood nonequivalence between treatment withholding and withdrawal as a reflection of slightly different, although related, phenomena: status quo bias or omission bias (Wilkinson and Savulescu 2012, 130-131). In neither of these two papers do they describe precisely the relation between these well-known psychological effects and WA, nor do they explain why they treat these effects as examples of nonrational preferences, despite the fact that these issues have been the subject of wide-ranging discussions on the intersection of psychology, economy, and philosophy.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Filozofiipl
dc.contributor.authorŻuradzki, Tomasz - 160313 pl
dc.contributor.authorNowak, Piotr - 184135 pl
dc.date.accessioned2019-05-13T09:33:53Z
dc.date.available2019-05-13T09:33:53Z
dc.date.issued2019pl
dc.description.additionalAutor podpisany na pub. Piotr Grzegorz Nowakpl
dc.description.number3pl
dc.description.physical36-38pl
dc.description.publication0,5pl
dc.description.volume19pl
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/15265161.2018.1563656pl
dc.identifier.eissn1536-0075pl
dc.identifier.issn1526-5161pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / Opl
dc.identifier.project2015/ 17/B/HS1/02279pl
dc.identifier.project0068/NPRH4/H2b/83/2016pl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/74473
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rightsDodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny*
dc.rights.licencebez licencji
dc.rights.uri*
dc.subject.enwithholding treatmentpl
dc.subject.enwithdrawal treatmentpl
dc.subject.encritical care decisionspl
dc.subject.enheuristicspl
dc.subject.enwithdrawal aversionpl
dc.subject.enbiasespl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleWithdrawal aversion as a useful heuristic for critical care decisionspl
dc.title.journalAmerican Journal of Bioethicspl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication

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