The (in)significance of executive functions for the trait of Self-Control : a psychometric study

2018
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enSelf-control (SC) is an individual trait defined as the ability to pursue long-distance goals in spite of the obstacles generated by current desires, innate or learned automatisms, and physiological needs of an organism. This trait is relatively stable across the life span and it predicts such important features as level of income, quality of social relationships, and proneness to addictions. It is widely believed that the cognitive substrate of SC involves the executive functions (EFs), such as inhibitory control, shifting of attention, and working memory updating. However, the empirical evidence concerning the relationships between trait SC and EFs is not convincing. The present study aims to address two questions: (1) what is the strength of relationships between trait SC and EFs, and (2) which aspects of SC are predicted by particular EFs, if at all. In order to answer these questions, we carried out a psychometric study with 296 participants (133 men and 163 women, mean age 23.31, SD 3.64), whom we investigated with three types of tools: (1) a battery SC scales and inventories, (2) a battery of EFs tasks, and (3) two general intelligence tests. Structural equation modeling approach was used to analyze the data. We found that the latent variables representing SC and the latent variable representing EFs did not show any relationship. The standardized path coefficient between EFs and general intelligence turned out rather strong. We conclude that the trait of SC, measured with questionnaires, does not depend on the strength of cognitive control, measured with EFs tasks.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologiipl
dc.contributor.authorNęcka, Edward - 130920 pl
dc.contributor.authorGruszka-Gosiewska, Aleksandra - 128191 pl
dc.contributor.authorOrzechowski, Jarosław - 131195 pl
dc.contributor.authorNowak, Michał - 256808 pl
dc.contributor.authorWójcik, Natalia - 189669 pl
dc.date.accession2019-03-12pl
dc.date.accessioned2019-03-26T12:25:07Z
dc.date.available2019-03-26T12:25:07Z
dc.date.issued2018pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume9pl
dc.identifier.articleid1139pl
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01139pl
dc.identifier.eissn1664-1078pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/71413
dc.identifier.weblinkhttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01139/fullpl
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode.pl*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enself-controlpl
dc.subject.enexecutive functionspl
dc.subject.enself-regulationpl
dc.subject.encognitive controlpl
dc.subject.enintelligencepl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleThe (in)significance of executive functions for the trait of Self-Control : a psychometric studypl
dc.title.journalFrontiers in Psychologypl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
Self-control (SC) is an individual trait defined as the ability to pursue long-distance goals in spite of the obstacles generated by current desires, innate or learned automatisms, and physiological needs of an organism. This trait is relatively stable across the life span and it predicts such important features as level of income, quality of social relationships, and proneness to addictions. It is widely believed that the cognitive substrate of SC involves the executive functions (EFs), such as inhibitory control, shifting of attention, and working memory updating. However, the empirical evidence concerning the relationships between trait SC and EFs is not convincing. The present study aims to address two questions: (1) what is the strength of relationships between trait SC and EFs, and (2) which aspects of SC are predicted by particular EFs, if at all. In order to answer these questions, we carried out a psychometric study with 296 participants (133 men and 163 women, mean age 23.31, SD 3.64), whom we investigated with three types of tools: (1) a battery SC scales and inventories, (2) a battery of EFs tasks, and (3) two general intelligence tests. Structural equation modeling approach was used to analyze the data. We found that the latent variables representing SC and the latent variable representing EFs did not show any relationship. The standardized path coefficient between EFs and general intelligence turned out rather strong. We conclude that the trait of SC, measured with questionnaires, does not depend on the strength of cognitive control, measured with EFs tasks.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Nęcka, Edward - 130920
dc.contributor.authorpl
Gruszka-Gosiewska, Aleksandra - 128191
dc.contributor.authorpl
Orzechowski, Jarosław - 131195
dc.contributor.authorpl
Nowak, Michał - 256808
dc.contributor.authorpl
Wójcik, Natalia - 189669
dc.date.accessionpl
2019-03-12
dc.date.accessioned
2019-03-26T12:25:07Z
dc.date.available
2019-03-26T12:25:07Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2018
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
9
dc.identifier.articleidpl
1139
dc.identifier.doipl
10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01139
dc.identifier.eissnpl
1664-1078
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/71413
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01139/full
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode.pl
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
self-control
dc.subject.enpl
executive functions
dc.subject.enpl
self-regulation
dc.subject.enpl
cognitive control
dc.subject.enpl
intelligence
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
The (in)significance of executive functions for the trait of Self-Control : a psychometric study
dc.title.journalpl
Frontiers in Psychology
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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