Spider burrows in ichnological context : a review of literature data and burrows of the wolf spider Trochosa hispanica Simon, 1870 from Albania

2018
journal article
review article
dc.abstract.enA general review of spider burrows and history of their research in eighteenth to nineteenth centuries are provided on the basis of the literature, which is dispersed and almost forgotten by majority of ichnologists. Moreover, burrows of the wolf spider Trochosa hispanica Simon, 1870 from a mountain meadow in Albania are presented. They are composed of an almost straight through gently curved to slightly winding vertical shafts (8.2-17.2 mm in diameter) with a basal, oval chamber, which is 14.5-30.6 mm wide. Above the ground level, some of them show a low, agglutinated chimney a cone composed of soil granules. The burrows are 83-235 mm long. They are comparable with the trace fossil Macanopsis Macsotay, 1967. Other spider burrows can form a simple shaft, which may be ascribed to the ichnogenus Skolithos Haldeman, 1840, or a shaft with the side oblique branches, which is is similar to the ichnogenus Psilonichnus Fürsich, 1981. Many spider burrows show one or more chambers. Their outlet may be closed with a trapdoor or show a chimney sticking above the ground. They may show scratch traces running parallel to the burrow. The burrows are domiciles in which spiders spend a part of, or even the whole life. They protect spiders against harsh environmental conditions, foremost against too low or to high temperature, sheet floods, or predators. Moreover, they can be also a place for copulation, oviposition, parental care, placement of cocoons, or shedding the exuvia. Burrowing spider are more common in in warmer climatic zones, in open space, above the water ground level, and less common in flooded. So far, very few examples of fossil spider burrows are recognised, mostly in Cenozoic sediments, even if spiders are known since the Carboniferous.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Geografii i Geologii : Instytut Nauk Geologicznychpl
dc.contributor.authorUchman, Alfred - 132472 pl
dc.contributor.authorVrenozi, Blerinapl
dc.contributor.authorMuceku, Bardhylpl
dc.date.accessioned2018-03-20T11:05:54Z
dc.date.available2018-03-20T11:05:54Z
dc.date.issued2018pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalBibliogr. s. 77-79pl
dc.description.number1pl
dc.description.physical67-79pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume29pl
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s12210-017-0662-7pl
dc.identifier.eissn1720-0776pl
dc.identifier.issn2037-4631pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / Ppl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/52280
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode.pl*
dc.share.typeinne
dc.subject.enichnologypl
dc.subject.entrace fossilspl
dc.subject.encontinental environmentspl
dc.subject.enarachnidspl
dc.subtypeReviewArticlepl
dc.titleSpider burrows in ichnological context : a review of literature data and burrows of the wolf spider Trochosa hispanica Simon, 1870 from Albaniapl
dc.title.journalRendiconti Linceipl
dc.title.volumeSpecial section : the quantum world of molecules : from orbitals to spin networkspl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
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