Polnische Richter des alten österreichischen Verwaltungsgerichtshofes in der Gerichtsbarkeit der Zweiten Polnischen Republik (1918-1939)

2015
journal article
article
cris.lastimport.wos2024-04-09T20:48:49Z
dc.abstract.enThe emergence of independent Poland in November 1918 gave rise to an urgent need to rapidly construe Poland’s own judiciary, including that of administrative type. In February 1919 the Supreme Court in Warsaw took over the competence of the Vienna Administrative Tribunal. All former judges of the latter: Wilhelm Binder, Roman Moraczewski, Włodzimierz Orski, Rudolf Różycki, Zbigniew Smolka became members of the Fourth Chamber of the Supreme Administrative Court. Jan Sawicki was appointed to the Chamber. The governmental Bill on the implementation of the Supreme Administrative Tribunal, prepared in 1922, was fully based on the Austrian law on Administrative Tribunal of 1875, Jan Sawicki being the author of the Bill. Thus the judges with the Austrian legal background occupied a prominent position in the newly formed Supreme Administrative Tribunal (NTA). Jan Sawicki became the first President of the NTA. For the twenty two judges who made up the first team of the NTA over half derived from the former Austrian partition territory. Jan Sawicki performed the function of the NTA First President until 1928 when, for political reasons, he retired. Then – for over two years – it was R. Różycki who acted in the capacity of the one fulfilling the duties of the First President. He was eventually nominated to the position of the NTA First President in 1930. He performed this function until 1932 when he retired. It is worthwhile to note that from November 1926 R. Różycki was also the President of the Comeptence Tribunal. Also W. Orski was the first President of the Supreme Administrative Tribunal and he performed this function for less than one year (1933-1934). The dismissal of Jan Sawicki overnight (!) through applying urgent procedure to which the authoritarian regime referred to as “Sanacja” resorted, was reflective of the beginning of the tendency to limit the NTA independence. The decree of the President of 1932 on the NTA introduced new principles according to which the judges were expected to be appointed. It was Prime Minister who was vested in the exclusive right to indicate the candidates for the management posts in the Tribunal. The candidate for the President was not even required to be the NTA judge! The transitory provisions contained in the decree provided the government with the right to remove inconvenient judges and replace them with the individuals who proved to be friendly-disposed toward the “Sanacja” authorities. It is worthwhile to emphasize however that these provisions were exploited on a fairly limited scale and as result had no negative impact on the NTA judicial decisions.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Prawa i Administracji : Katedra Powszechnej Historii Państwa i Prawapl
dc.contributor.authorDziadzio, Andrzej - 127848 pl
dc.date.accession2019-06-17pl
dc.date.accessioned2015-04-15T08:22:22Z
dc.date.available2015-04-15T08:22:22Z
dc.date.created2014pl
dc.date.issued2015pl
dc.date.openaccess12
dc.description.accesstimepo opublikowaniu
dc.description.number2pl
dc.description.physical307-317pl
dc.description.points5pl
dc.description.publication0,5pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume4pl
dc.identifier.doi10.1553/BRGOE2014-2s307pl
dc.identifier.eisbn978-3-7001-7778-4pl
dc.identifier.eissn2224-4905pl
dc.identifier.isbn978-3-7001-7767-8pl
dc.identifier.issn2221-8890pl
dc.identifier.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/5027
dc.identifier.weblinkhttp://austriaca.at/0xc1aa5576_0x0032051d.pdfpl
dc.languagegerpl
dc.language.containergerpl
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titlePolnische Richter des alten österreichischen Verwaltungsgerichtshofes in der Gerichtsbarkeit der Zweiten Polnischen Republik (1918-1939)pl
dc.title.alternativePolish judges of the Austrian Administrative Tribunal as functioning in the judiciary of the Second Republic of Poland (1918-1939).pl
dc.title.journalBeiträge zur Rechtsgeschichte Österreichspl
dc.title.volumeZwischen Wien und Czernowitz : Rechts- und Staatswissenschaftliche Karrierewege um 1918pl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
cris.lastimport.wos
2024-04-09T20:48:49Z
dc.abstract.enpl
The emergence of independent Poland in November 1918 gave rise to an urgent need to rapidly construe Poland’s own judiciary, including that of administrative type. In February 1919 the Supreme Court in Warsaw took over the competence of the Vienna Administrative Tribunal. All former judges of the latter: Wilhelm Binder, Roman Moraczewski, Włodzimierz Orski, Rudolf Różycki, Zbigniew Smolka became members of the Fourth Chamber of the Supreme Administrative Court. Jan Sawicki was appointed to the Chamber. The governmental Bill on the implementation of the Supreme Administrative Tribunal, prepared in 1922, was fully based on the Austrian law on Administrative Tribunal of 1875, Jan Sawicki being the author of the Bill. Thus the judges with the Austrian legal background occupied a prominent position in the newly formed Supreme Administrative Tribunal (NTA). Jan Sawicki became the first President of the NTA. For the twenty two judges who made up the first team of the NTA over half derived from the former Austrian partition territory. Jan Sawicki performed the function of the NTA First President until 1928 when, for political reasons, he retired. Then – for over two years – it was R. Różycki who acted in the capacity of the one fulfilling the duties of the First President. He was eventually nominated to the position of the NTA First President in 1930. He performed this function until 1932 when he retired. It is worthwhile to note that from November 1926 R. Różycki was also the President of the Comeptence Tribunal. Also W. Orski was the first President of the Supreme Administrative Tribunal and he performed this function for less than one year (1933-1934). The dismissal of Jan Sawicki overnight (!) through applying urgent procedure to which the authoritarian regime referred to as “Sanacja” resorted, was reflective of the beginning of the tendency to limit the NTA independence. The decree of the President of 1932 on the NTA introduced new principles according to which the judges were expected to be appointed. It was Prime Minister who was vested in the exclusive right to indicate the candidates for the management posts in the Tribunal. The candidate for the President was not even required to be the NTA judge! The transitory provisions contained in the decree provided the government with the right to remove inconvenient judges and replace them with the individuals who proved to be friendly-disposed toward the “Sanacja” authorities. It is worthwhile to emphasize however that these provisions were exploited on a fairly limited scale and as result had no negative impact on the NTA judicial decisions.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Prawa i Administracji : Katedra Powszechnej Historii Państwa i Prawa
dc.contributor.authorpl
Dziadzio, Andrzej - 127848
dc.date.accessionpl
2019-06-17
dc.date.accessioned
2015-04-15T08:22:22Z
dc.date.available
2015-04-15T08:22:22Z
dc.date.createdpl
2014
dc.date.issuedpl
2015
dc.date.openaccess
12
dc.description.accesstime
po opublikowaniu
dc.description.numberpl
2
dc.description.physicalpl
307-317
dc.description.pointspl
5
dc.description.publicationpl
0,5
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
4
dc.identifier.doipl
10.1553/BRGOE2014-2s307
dc.identifier.eisbnpl
978-3-7001-7778-4
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2224-4905
dc.identifier.isbnpl
978-3-7001-7767-8
dc.identifier.issnpl
2221-8890
dc.identifier.uri
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/5027
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
http://austriaca.at/0xc1aa5576_0x0032051d.pdf
dc.languagepl
ger
dc.language.containerpl
ger
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Polnische Richter des alten österreichischen Verwaltungsgerichtshofes in der Gerichtsbarkeit der Zweiten Polnischen Republik (1918-1939)
dc.title.alternativepl
Polish judges of the Austrian Administrative Tribunal as functioning in the judiciary of the Second Republic of Poland (1918-1939).
dc.title.journalpl
Beiträge zur Rechtsgeschichte Österreichs
dc.title.volumepl
Zwischen Wien und Czernowitz : Rechts- und Staatswissenschaftliche Karrierewege um 1918
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

* The migration of download and view statistics prior to the date of April 8, 2024 is in progress.

Views
26
Views per month
Views per city
Ashburn
5
Passau
5
Warsaw
3
Chandler
2
Krakow
2
Wroclaw
2
Bracknell
1
Bremen
1
Dublin
1
New York
1

No access

No Thumbnail Available