Some reflections on the effectiveness of the Ottoman Navy in the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913

2014
book section
article
dc.abstract.enMost historians are explicitly negative in their assessment of the effectiveness of the Ottoman Navy in the Balkan Wars in 1912-13. According to them the only positive aspect of its activity was the raid of the cruiser Hamidiye in 1913, but they usually pass in silence over the fact that it failed to accomplish its main tactical principle. The navy is blamed for the loss of the Aegean islands and quite often even accused of cowardice in the face of the Greeks. But in fact, if we take into consideration the conditions in which the Ottoman Navy entered and was forced to conduct this war, we should rather praise it for its achievements. A navy as an institution is not only the group of officers and sailors on their vessels. No matter whether they do their best or not, they have to act within the political and financial frames over which they have no influence. Even the famous admiral Horatio Nelson would not have done his job better, having so obsolete and squalid ships manned by so poorly trained sailors and being forced to act in the atmosphere of permanent conflict between the naval command and the General Staff. Historians praise the commander of the Hamidiye Lt Com. Hüseyin Rauf for his brilliant raid, which indeed was an achievement in itself, but the biggest impact it had was on the morale of the Ottoman citizens and not on the conduct of war. At the same time they forget how important was the artillery support of the navy, particularly of the battleships for the land forces defending the fortified zone of Çatalca. When we analyze the command of the Ottoman Navy in the Balkan Wars we should also give some thought to the actual role of the British Naval Mission in Istanbul. Most Turkish historians claim that the successive commanders of this mission were in fact the commanders of the whole Ottoman Navy. But if they really were, would things have really gone so wrong during the Balkan Wars?pl
dc.affiliationWydział Filologiczny : Instytut Orientalistykipl
dc.contributor.authorNykiel, Piotr - 131092 pl
dc.contributor.editorTürkeş, Mustafapl
dc.date.accessioned2015-04-10T11:14:40Z
dc.date.available2015-04-10T11:14:40Z
dc.date.issued2014pl
dc.description.physical923-928pl
dc.description.publication0,5pl
dc.description.volume2pl
dc.identifier.isbn978-975-16-2945-6pl
dc.identifier.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/4789
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.pubinfoAnkara : Türk Tarih Kurumupl
dc.rightsDodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny*
dc.rights.licencebez licencji
dc.rights.uri*
dc.subject.enBalkan Wars 1912-1913pl
dc.subject.enOttoman Navypl
dc.subject.plwojny bałkańskie 1912-1913pl
dc.subject.plosmańska marynarka wojennapl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleSome reflections on the effectiveness of the Ottoman Navy in the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913pl
dc.title.alternative1912-1913 Balkan Savaşları’nda Osmanlı Donanması’nın etkinliği üzerine bazı düşüncelerpl
dc.title.containerThe centenary of the Balkan Wars (1912-1913) : contested stances = 100. yılında Balkan Savaşları (1912-1913) : ihtilaflı duruşlarpl
dc.typeBookSectionpl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
Most historians are explicitly negative in their assessment of the effectiveness of the Ottoman Navy in the Balkan Wars in 1912-13. According to them the only positive aspect of its activity was the raid of the cruiser Hamidiye in 1913, but they usually pass in silence over the fact that it failed to accomplish its main tactical principle. The navy is blamed for the loss of the Aegean islands and quite often even accused of cowardice in the face of the Greeks. But in fact, if we take into consideration the conditions in which the Ottoman Navy entered and was forced to conduct this war, we should rather praise it for its achievements. A navy as an institution is not only the group of officers and sailors on their vessels. No matter whether they do their best or not, they have to act within the political and financial frames over which they have no influence. Even the famous admiral Horatio Nelson would not have done his job better, having so obsolete and squalid ships manned by so poorly trained sailors and being forced to act in the atmosphere of permanent conflict between the naval command and the General Staff. Historians praise the commander of the Hamidiye Lt Com. Hüseyin Rauf for his brilliant raid, which indeed was an achievement in itself, but the biggest impact it had was on the morale of the Ottoman citizens and not on the conduct of war. At the same time they forget how important was the artillery support of the navy, particularly of the battleships for the land forces defending the fortified zone of Çatalca. When we analyze the command of the Ottoman Navy in the Balkan Wars we should also give some thought to the actual role of the British Naval Mission in Istanbul. Most Turkish historians claim that the successive commanders of this mission were in fact the commanders of the whole Ottoman Navy. But if they really were, would things have really gone so wrong during the Balkan Wars?
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Filologiczny : Instytut Orientalistyki
dc.contributor.authorpl
Nykiel, Piotr - 131092
dc.contributor.editorpl
Türkeş, Mustafa
dc.date.accessioned
2015-04-10T11:14:40Z
dc.date.available
2015-04-10T11:14:40Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2014
dc.description.physicalpl
923-928
dc.description.publicationpl
0,5
dc.description.volumepl
2
dc.identifier.isbnpl
978-975-16-2945-6
dc.identifier.uri
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/4789
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.pubinfopl
Ankara : Türk Tarih Kurumu
dc.rights*
Dodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny
dc.rights.licence
bez licencji
dc.rights.uri*
dc.subject.enpl
Balkan Wars 1912-1913
dc.subject.enpl
Ottoman Navy
dc.subject.plpl
wojny bałkańskie 1912-1913
dc.subject.plpl
osmańska marynarka wojenna
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Some reflections on the effectiveness of the Ottoman Navy in the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913
dc.title.alternativepl
1912-1913 Balkan Savaşları’nda Osmanlı Donanması’nın etkinliği üzerine bazı düşünceler
dc.title.containerpl
The centenary of the Balkan Wars (1912-1913) : contested stances = 100. yılında Balkan Savaşları (1912-1913) : ihtilaflı duruşlar
dc.typepl
BookSection
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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