Tracing the bilingual advantage in cognitive control : the role of flexibility in temporal preparation and category switching

2013
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enThe present study addressed the question whether bilinguals are characterised by increased cognitive flexibility. Mechanisms of cognitive flexibility were compared between a group of Hungarian-Polish bilinguals and a group of Hungarian monolinguals. The first task explored the effects of temporal orienting (ability to voluntarily orient attention to a certain point in time when a relevant event is expected) and the efficiency of switching between preparatory time intervals of different duration (sequential effects). The second task the social category switching task tapped into the mechanisms of switching between 2 types of categories (age and gender) and employed socially relevant stimuli (faces). The results of the first task revealed similar temporal orienting effects for both groups; however, the pattern of sequential effects differed between the groups, showing that bilinguals were less affected by the duration of the preceding preparatory interval. In the social category switching task, bilinguals showed reduced switch costs in the RT measure when categorising gender, and greater accuracy in the specific switch and no-switch conditions. We suggest that bilinguals are characterised by an enhanced mechanism of cognitive flexibility, which is applied to a temporal domain (efficient switching between preparatory intervals of different duration), and extends to the cognitive control processes in social categorisation tasks.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologiipl
dc.contributor.authorMarzecová, Anna - 104810 pl
dc.contributor.authorBukowski, Marcin - 162096 pl
dc.contributor.authorCorrea, Ángelpl
dc.contributor.authorBoros, Mariannapl
dc.contributor.authorLupiáñez, Juanpl
dc.contributor.authorWodniecka-Chlipalska, Zofia - 132687 pl
dc.date.accessioned2015-04-02T13:08:10Z
dc.date.available2015-04-02T13:08:10Z
dc.date.issued2013pl
dc.description.number5pl
dc.description.physical586-604pl
dc.description.volume25pl
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/20445911.2013.809348pl
dc.identifier.eissn2044-592Xpl
dc.identifier.issn2044-5911pl
dc.identifier.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/4545
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rightsDodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny*
dc.rights.licencebez licencji
dc.rights.uri*
dc.subject.enbilingualismpl
dc.subject.encognitive flexibilitypl
dc.subject.entemporal preparationpl
dc.subject.enswitchingpl
dc.subject.ensequential effectspl
dc.subject.ensocial categorisationpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleTracing the bilingual advantage in cognitive control : the role of flexibility in temporal preparation and category switchingpl
dc.title.journalJournal of Cognitive Psychologypl
dc.title.volumeWhat bilinguals tell us about cognitive controlpl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The present study addressed the question whether bilinguals are characterised by increased cognitive flexibility. Mechanisms of cognitive flexibility were compared between a group of Hungarian-Polish bilinguals and a group of Hungarian monolinguals. The first task explored the effects of temporal orienting (ability to voluntarily orient attention to a certain point in time when a relevant event is expected) and the efficiency of switching between preparatory time intervals of different duration (sequential effects). The second task the social category switching task tapped into the mechanisms of switching between 2 types of categories (age and gender) and employed socially relevant stimuli (faces). The results of the first task revealed similar temporal orienting effects for both groups; however, the pattern of sequential effects differed between the groups, showing that bilinguals were less affected by the duration of the preceding preparatory interval. In the social category switching task, bilinguals showed reduced switch costs in the RT measure when categorising gender, and greater accuracy in the specific switch and no-switch conditions. We suggest that bilinguals are characterised by an enhanced mechanism of cognitive flexibility, which is applied to a temporal domain (efficient switching between preparatory intervals of different duration), and extends to the cognitive control processes in social categorisation tasks.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Marzecová, Anna - 104810
dc.contributor.authorpl
Bukowski, Marcin - 162096
dc.contributor.authorpl
Correa, Ángel
dc.contributor.authorpl
Boros, Marianna
dc.contributor.authorpl
Lupiáñez, Juan
dc.contributor.authorpl
Wodniecka-Chlipalska, Zofia - 132687
dc.date.accessioned
2015-04-02T13:08:10Z
dc.date.available
2015-04-02T13:08:10Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2013
dc.description.numberpl
5
dc.description.physicalpl
586-604
dc.description.volumepl
25
dc.identifier.doipl
10.1080/20445911.2013.809348
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2044-592X
dc.identifier.issnpl
2044-5911
dc.identifier.uri
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/4545
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.rights*
Dodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny
dc.rights.licence
bez licencji
dc.rights.uri*
dc.subject.enpl
bilingualism
dc.subject.enpl
cognitive flexibility
dc.subject.enpl
temporal preparation
dc.subject.enpl
switching
dc.subject.enpl
sequential effects
dc.subject.enpl
social categorisation
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Tracing the bilingual advantage in cognitive control : the role of flexibility in temporal preparation and category switching
dc.title.journalpl
Journal of Cognitive Psychology
dc.title.volumepl
What bilinguals tell us about cognitive control
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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