Polska dyplomacja wobec próby stworzenia dyrektoriatu mocarstw w 1933 r.

2004
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enWhen in November 1933 Józef Beck was taking over the post of the Minister of Foreign Affairs his tasks entailed primarily retaining the prewar status quo and the alliances signed for this purpose, as well as securing the country against the encroachment of two strong neighbours. Against this background, it is not surprising that Polish diplomacy strongly opposed the proposal made by Benito Mussolini on 18 March 1933, commonly known as the Pact of the Four. The original project, rather enthusiastically welcomed in Berlin and London, was recognised in Warsaw as a blow dealt against Polish sovereignty. From the spring to the late summer of that year Polish diplomacy embarked upon assorted forms of activity in accordance with the "nothing about us without us" principle, for the purpose of annihilating a bloc composed of West European powers. In addition, the Pact of the Four was regarded as aimed against the prestige and status of the Polish State, and was acknowledged as such in the official stand of the Polish authorities. The attitude of political factors towards the suggestion of reviving the directorate was not lucid. The first steps were made against the particular participants of the bloc, especially France and Italy. For various reasons, it proved impossible to create a joint bloc of states hostile towards the Pact of the Four, although there were sufficient occasions to do so. For almost half a year the struggle waged against plans of creating an alliance of four partners absorbed the attention of Polish diplomats. The assessment of those endeavours is left to the reader. Nonetheless, it is simply impossible to dismiss the conviction that a Polish veto would be ignored in face of the willingness to sign such a pact, shown by London, Paris, Berlin and Rome.pl
dc.affiliationPion Prorektora ds. polityki kadrowej i finansowej : Archiwum UJpl
dc.contributor.authorŻukowski, Przemysław - 173425 pl
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-06T10:28:55Z
dc.date.available2017-05-06T10:28:55Z
dc.date.issued2004pl
dc.description.additionalStreszcz. w jęz. ang. i ros.pl
dc.description.physical123-135pl
dc.description.publication1pl
dc.description.volume39pl
dc.identifier.eissn2353-6403pl
dc.identifier.issn1230-5057pl
dc.identifier.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/40046
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsDodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny*
dc.rights.licencebez licencji
dc.rights.uri*
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titlePolska dyplomacja wobec próby stworzenia dyrektoriatu mocarstw w 1933 r.pl
dc.title.alternativePolish diplomacy and an attempt at recreating the powers directorate in 1933pl
dc.title.journalStudia z Dziejów Rosji i Europy Środkowo-Wschodniejpl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
When in November 1933 Józef Beck was taking over the post of the Minister of Foreign Affairs his tasks entailed primarily retaining the prewar status quo and the alliances signed for this purpose, as well as securing the country against the encroachment of two strong neighbours. Against this background, it is not surprising that Polish diplomacy strongly opposed the proposal made by Benito Mussolini on 18 March 1933, commonly known as the Pact of the Four. The original project, rather enthusiastically welcomed in Berlin and London, was recognised in Warsaw as a blow dealt against Polish sovereignty. From the spring to the late summer of that year Polish diplomacy embarked upon assorted forms of activity in accordance with the "nothing about us without us" principle, for the purpose of annihilating a bloc composed of West European powers. In addition, the Pact of the Four was regarded as aimed against the prestige and status of the Polish State, and was acknowledged as such in the official stand of the Polish authorities. The attitude of political factors towards the suggestion of reviving the directorate was not lucid. The first steps were made against the particular participants of the bloc, especially France and Italy. For various reasons, it proved impossible to create a joint bloc of states hostile towards the Pact of the Four, although there were sufficient occasions to do so. For almost half a year the struggle waged against plans of creating an alliance of four partners absorbed the attention of Polish diplomats. The assessment of those endeavours is left to the reader. Nonetheless, it is simply impossible to dismiss the conviction that a Polish veto would be ignored in face of the willingness to sign such a pact, shown by London, Paris, Berlin and Rome.
dc.affiliationpl
Pion Prorektora ds. polityki kadrowej i finansowej : Archiwum UJ
dc.contributor.authorpl
Żukowski, Przemysław - 173425
dc.date.accessioned
2017-05-06T10:28:55Z
dc.date.available
2017-05-06T10:28:55Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2004
dc.description.additionalpl
Streszcz. w jęz. ang. i ros.
dc.description.physicalpl
123-135
dc.description.publicationpl
1
dc.description.volumepl
39
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2353-6403
dc.identifier.issnpl
1230-5057
dc.identifier.uri
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/40046
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Dodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny
dc.rights.licence
bez licencji
dc.rights.uri*
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Polska dyplomacja wobec próby stworzenia dyrektoriatu mocarstw w 1933 r.
dc.title.alternativepl
Polish diplomacy and an attempt at recreating the powers directorate in 1933
dc.title.journalpl
Studia z Dziejów Rosji i Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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