Zbrojny konflikt albańsko-macedoński (luty-maj 2001 roku) w północno-zachodniej Macedonii : zaangażowanie dyplomacji USA i UE

2014
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enIt is assumed that on 16 February 2001, Albanians started fighting for their rights in Macedonia with the use of force. On that day armed groups attacked Macedonian police stations in the village of Tanuševci near Tetov. The clashes of various intensity lasted until major amendments to Macedonian constitution were adopted in November 2001. In the first stage of fighting (until May 2001), the Macedonians attempted to disarm the Albanian rebels and destroy the weapons which they had accumulated. This proved difficult because of the support which the latter had in Kosovo and the Prešev Valley, and the guerrilla strategy that they had developed earlier in Kosovo and now adopted. What is more, the Macedonian military actions were slowed down by Americans with the intention of limiting the number of casualties. In April, EU members and the US managed to establish a wide coalition. The major political parties of the country, both governing and oppositional (Macedonian and Albanian) decided to start negotiations concerning the conditions of the future peace treaty - that is, concessions for Albanians living in Macedonia and awarding them more rights. At the same time, the US and members of the EU states opposed the introduction of martial law in the country in order to deal with Albanian rebels by force. The leaders of Albanian parties in Macedonia and the main leaders of the Albanian revolution signed the Prizren Agreement, which was to provide a new plain for the future peace negotiations. Boris Trajkovski, the President of Macedonia, largely agreed with US and UE politics, but for the Prime Minister, his environment and most prominent Macedonian intellectuals - with Georgi Efremov, the President of MANU - the only solution was the division of the Macedonian territory and exchange of their minority groups. The representatives of the EU and US opposed such actions and emphasised that preserving the territorial integrity of Macedonia was absolutely crucial.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Studiów Międzynarodowych i Politycznych : Instytut Nauk Politycznych i Stosunków Międzynarodowychpl
dc.contributor.authorStawowy-Kawka, Irena - 132083 pl
dc.date.accession2015-03-10pl
dc.date.accessioned2015-03-10T10:31:07Z
dc.date.available2015-03-10T10:31:07Z
dc.date.issued2014pl
dc.date.openaccess3
dc.description.accesstimepo opublikowaniu
dc.description.physical46-60pl
dc.description.publication1,2pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume4pl
dc.identifier.issn2312-8933pl
dc.identifier.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/3647
dc.identifier.weblinkhttps://www.infona.pl/resource/bwmeta1.element.desklight-b4defffd-c7cb-4f20-a1e2-21b367f2c4f6pl
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerukrpl
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enconflict between Albania and Macedoniapl
dc.subject.enethnic conflictpl
dc.subject.enAlbanians in Macedoniapl
dc.subject.enUÇKpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleZbrojny konflikt albańsko-macedoński (luty-maj 2001 roku) w północno-zachodniej Macedonii : zaangażowanie dyplomacji USA i UEpl
dc.title.alternativeThe Albanian-Macedonian armed conflict (February - May 2001) in north-western Macedonia : US and EU diplomatic involvementpl
dc.title.journalStudia Politologica Ucraino-Polonapl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication

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