When are fluid intelligence and working memory isomorhic and when are they not?

2013
journal article
article
94
cris.lastimport.wos2024-04-09T23:04:35Z
dc.abstract.enStudy 1 investigated whether the strength of correlation between latent variables representing working memory capacity (WMC) and fluid intelligence (Gf) depends on the time allowed to work on an intelligence test. When the half recommended time was given to fulfill two Gf tests, WMC and Gf were statistically indistinguishable, indicating that working memory and fluid intelligence are fully isomorphic constructs. However, when virtually no time limit was applied, WMC explained only 38% of variance in Gf. Further analyses suggested that only the latter testing conditions allowed low-capacity participants for relational learning during test taking, which allowed them to reduce their distance to high-capacity people. Study 2 corroborated the moderate value of WM–Gf correlation in untimed intelligence testing with a larger number of Gf and WM tasks, as well as showed that the indices of learning in a novel test of relation discovery predict significant amount of Gf variance. In sum, the research suggests that fluid reasoning can be differently related to WMC depending on the time pressure during Gf testing, and it also indicates that learning abstract relational representations may be an important component of unspeeded intelligence, but barely takes place during speeded testing.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Filozofiipl
dc.contributor.authorChuderski, Adam - 200113 pl
dc.date.accessioned2015-02-18T11:07:03Z
dc.date.available2015-02-18T11:07:03Z
dc.date.issued2013pl
dc.description.number4pl
dc.description.physical244-262pl
dc.description.volume41pl
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.intell.2013.04.003pl
dc.identifier.eissn1873-7935pl
dc.identifier.issn0160-2896pl
dc.identifier.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/3166
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rights.licencebez licencji
dc.subject.enfluid intelligencepl
dc.subject.enspeeded vs. power testspl
dc.subject.enworking memory capacitypl
dc.subject.enrelational learningpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleWhen are fluid intelligence and working memory isomorhic and when are they not?pl
dc.title.journalIntelligencepl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
cris.lastimport.wos
2024-04-09T23:04:35Z
dc.abstract.enpl
Study 1 investigated whether the strength of correlation between latent variables representing working memory capacity (WMC) and fluid intelligence (Gf) depends on the time allowed to work on an intelligence test. When the half recommended time was given to fulfill two Gf tests, WMC and Gf were statistically indistinguishable, indicating that working memory and fluid intelligence are fully isomorphic constructs. However, when virtually no time limit was applied, WMC explained only 38% of variance in Gf. Further analyses suggested that only the latter testing conditions allowed low-capacity participants for relational learning during test taking, which allowed them to reduce their distance to high-capacity people. Study 2 corroborated the moderate value of WM–Gf correlation in untimed intelligence testing with a larger number of Gf and WM tasks, as well as showed that the indices of learning in a novel test of relation discovery predict significant amount of Gf variance. In sum, the research suggests that fluid reasoning can be differently related to WMC depending on the time pressure during Gf testing, and it also indicates that learning abstract relational representations may be an important component of unspeeded intelligence, but barely takes place during speeded testing.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Filozofii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Chuderski, Adam - 200113
dc.date.accessioned
2015-02-18T11:07:03Z
dc.date.available
2015-02-18T11:07:03Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2013
dc.description.numberpl
4
dc.description.physicalpl
244-262
dc.description.volumepl
41
dc.identifier.doipl
10.1016/j.intell.2013.04.003
dc.identifier.eissnpl
1873-7935
dc.identifier.issnpl
0160-2896
dc.identifier.uri
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/3166
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.rights.licence
bez licencji
dc.subject.enpl
fluid intelligence
dc.subject.enpl
speeded vs. power tests
dc.subject.enpl
working memory capacity
dc.subject.enpl
relational learning
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
When are fluid intelligence and working memory isomorhic and when are they not?
dc.title.journalpl
Intelligence
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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