Reinforced self-affirmation as a method of reducing the misinformation effect : towards ecological validity

2022
journal article
article
3
cris.lastimport.scopus2024-04-07T13:14:38Z
dc.abstract.enThe misinformation effect consists in the inclusion in witness testimonies of false information from sources other than the given event. Given that this is a serious threat for the quality of witness testimony, it is surprising that so little research has explored whether the influence of misinformation on remembering can be reduced. In this article, a method of enhancing self-confidence that is called reinforced self-affirmation (RSA) was shown to reduce the misinformation effect, which replicates previous research of this kind. RSA aims to boost self-confidence and consists of self-affirmation and manipulated positive feedback. In this article, the efficacy of RSA was explored in the context of initial testing, i.e. testing memory immediately after the original event, and several methods of activating self-affirmation and introducing positive feedback were tested. In general, RSA reduced the misinformation effect in all three experiments; however, it was not effective when initial testing was present, most probably due to ceiling effects caused by this testing.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologiipl
dc.contributor.authorSzpitalak, Malwina - 122680 pl
dc.date.accessioned2022-07-01T08:44:40Z
dc.date.available2022-07-01T08:44:40Z
dc.date.issued2022pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalOnline First 2022-06-29pl
dc.description.physical[1-29]pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/1068316X.2022.2093872pl
dc.identifier.eissn1477-2744pl
dc.identifier.issn1068-316Xpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/293986
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.pbn.affiliationDziedzina nauk społecznych : psychologiapl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowa*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY-NC-ND
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode.pl*
dc.share.typeinne
dc.subject.enmisinformation effectpl
dc.subject.enreducing misinformation effectpl
dc.subject.enwitness testimonypl
dc.subject.enmemorypl
dc.subject.enreinforced self-affirmationpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleReinforced self-affirmation as a method of reducing the misinformation effect : towards ecological validitypl
dc.title.journalPsychology, Crime & Lawpl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
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