Measuring advanced theory of mind : do story-based tasks work?

2021
journal article
article
5
dc.abstract.enIntroduction: Although much is known about theory of mind (ToM) development during childhood, data on how these skills develop in adolescence is scarce. This cavity is due in part to the limited knowledge about measures of advanced theory of mind. Methods: The study examined the relation among six common story-based tasks designed to measure advanced ToM in two age groups of Polish adolescents: early (13-year-olds; 78 girls) and late (16-year-olds; 143 girls) adolescents. Results: Factor models for individual tasks were constructed, followed by an examination of the underlying structure that explained the variability of factor scores. Only in half of the tasks, the results revealed an age-related increase in advanced ToM. Contrary to expectation, results showed a lack of correlations among story-based advanced ToM tasks in the two adolescent groups. Conclusions: The results suggest a lack of coherence among advanced story-based ToM tasks and the need for further development of reliable and valid advanced ToM measures which are sensitive enough to show increasingly complex social reasoning abilities in adolescence.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologiipl
dc.contributor.authorBiałecka-Pikul, Marta - 127299 pl
dc.contributor.authorSzpak, Marta - 107257 pl
dc.contributor.authorZubek, Julian - 381516 pl
dc.contributor.authorStępień-Nycz, Małgorzata - 105018 pl
dc.contributor.authorKołodziejczyk, Anna - 129028 pl
dc.contributor.authorBosacki, Sandrapl
dc.contributor.authorHomer, Brucepl
dc.date.accessioned2022-01-05T09:41:27Z
dc.date.available2022-01-05T09:41:27Z
dc.date.issued2021pl
dc.description.physical28-39pl
dc.description.volume93pl
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.adolescence.2021.10.001pl
dc.identifier.eissn1095-9254pl
dc.identifier.issn0140-1971pl
dc.identifier.projectUMO 2013/10/M/HS6/005pl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/286602
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.pbn.affiliationDziedzina nauk społecznych : psychologiapl
dc.rightsDodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny*
dc.rights.licencebez licencji
dc.rights.uri*
dc.subject.enadvanced theory of mindpl
dc.subject.enadolescencepl
dc.subject.ensocial understandingpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleMeasuring advanced theory of mind : do story-based tasks work?pl
dc.title.journalJournal of Adolescencepl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
Introduction: Although much is known about theory of mind (ToM) development during childhood, data on how these skills develop in adolescence is scarce. This cavity is due in part to the limited knowledge about measures of advanced theory of mind. Methods: The study examined the relation among six common story-based tasks designed to measure advanced ToM in two age groups of Polish adolescents: early (13-year-olds; 78 girls) and late (16-year-olds; 143 girls) adolescents. Results: Factor models for individual tasks were constructed, followed by an examination of the underlying structure that explained the variability of factor scores. Only in half of the tasks, the results revealed an age-related increase in advanced ToM. Contrary to expectation, results showed a lack of correlations among story-based advanced ToM tasks in the two adolescent groups. Conclusions: The results suggest a lack of coherence among advanced story-based ToM tasks and the need for further development of reliable and valid advanced ToM measures which are sensitive enough to show increasingly complex social reasoning abilities in adolescence.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Białecka-Pikul, Marta - 127299
dc.contributor.authorpl
Szpak, Marta - 107257
dc.contributor.authorpl
Zubek, Julian - 381516
dc.contributor.authorpl
Stępień-Nycz, Małgorzata - 105018
dc.contributor.authorpl
Kołodziejczyk, Anna - 129028
dc.contributor.authorpl
Bosacki, Sandra
dc.contributor.authorpl
Homer, Bruce
dc.date.accessioned
2022-01-05T09:41:27Z
dc.date.available
2022-01-05T09:41:27Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2021
dc.description.physicalpl
28-39
dc.description.volumepl
93
dc.identifier.doipl
10.1016/j.adolescence.2021.10.001
dc.identifier.eissnpl
1095-9254
dc.identifier.issnpl
0140-1971
dc.identifier.projectpl
UMO 2013/10/M/HS6/005
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/286602
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.pbn.affiliationpl
Dziedzina nauk społecznych : psychologia
dc.rights*
Dodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny
dc.rights.licence
bez licencji
dc.rights.uri*
dc.subject.enpl
advanced theory of mind
dc.subject.enpl
adolescence
dc.subject.enpl
social understanding
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Measuring advanced theory of mind : do story-based tasks work?
dc.title.journalpl
Journal of Adolescence
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication

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