Kultura literacka Antwerpii w XVI wieku

2016
book section
article
dc.abstract.enThe 16th century was the time of Antwerp’s rise but also its downfall. During a period of fifty years Scheldt city gained the status of a European metropolis. It was one of the biggest and most important centres of trade on the Old Continent. It was also here that the most famous bankers families had their offices and on the New Exchange the non-cash transactions were made. Thanks to the concentration of wealth and large-scale immigration, the city developed a literary culture independent from the ducal courts based in Mechelen and Brussels. Religious tolerance and presence of reformed confessions fostered book production and humanistic discussions in which even Erasmus of Rotterdam took part. Despite the absence of a university, Antwerp was an attractive place for intellectuals educated in Leuven and other European academic centres. They were involved in city governing bodies, working as secretaries, chancellors, and archivists. Antwerp’s humanists were also well known as schoolmasters and teachers in private and parish schools that were very popular with patrician families. Antwerp was, along with Venice and Lyon, one of Europe’s capitals of typography in the 16th century. Book production evolved from religious texts and handbooks for common people, to classic and Latin literature, philosophical and medical treaties, and geographical atlases. Dirk Martens, Christoffel Plantijn and other publishers and printers lead their publishing houses in the city on the right bank of Scheldt. They produced books for local as well as foreign markets, which, thanks to traders, reached most cities and courts of Europe. Antwerp was an open city, a lens that focused ideas from the Eastern and Western Worlds. Its inhabitants had a very wide range of contacts which can be seen in the correspondence of Christoffel Plantijn, in alba amicorum of Abraham Ortelius or in Zeitungsbriefen sent by Fuggers’ offices to their headquarters in Augsburg. The landscape of Antwerp’s literary culture is not complete without mentioning the rhetoric chambers. Humanists and artists from Saint Lucas Guild organisations created these entries to the city of the rulers of the Low Countries, landujewelen - the poetic competitions and animated discussions on the religious and politic state of the Seventeen Provinces. Finally, the transformation of the literary relations within the city and its surrounding world, can be found in the chorographic text by Lodovico Guicciardini, Johannes Goropius Becanus and Carolus Scribani. They showed how Antwerp - a diamond in the ring of the Netherlands - lost its status and wealth after the siege of 1585 and during the Catholic revival.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Historyczny : Instytut Historiipl
dc.contributor.authorSzmytka, Rafał - 144843 pl
dc.contributor.editorNiedźwiedź, Jakub - 130940 pl
dc.date.accessioned2016-06-30T11:02:19Z
dc.date.available2016-06-30T11:02:19Z
dc.date.issued2016pl
dc.date.openaccess36
dc.description.accesstimepo opublikowaniu
dc.description.additionalStrona wydawcy: https://www.wuj.plpl
dc.description.physical274-291pl
dc.description.publication1pl
dc.description.seriesTerminus. Bibliotheca Classica. Seria 2
dc.description.seriesnumbernr 6
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.eisbn978-83-233-9486-0pl
dc.identifier.isbn978-83-233-4024-9pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / Ppl
dc.identifier.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/28535
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.pubinfoKraków : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiegopl
dc.rightsDozwolony użytek utworów chronionych*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf*
dc.share.typeotwarte repozytorium
dc.subject.enAntwerppl
dc.subject.enliterary culturepl
dc.subject.en16th centurypl
dc.subject.enLow Countriespl
dc.subject.enearly modern periodpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleKultura literacka Antwerpii w XVI wiekupl
dc.title.alternativeThe literary culture of Antwerp in the 16th centurypl
dc.title.containerLiteratura renesansowa w Polsce i Europie : studia dedykowane Profesorowi Andrzejowi Borowskiemupl
dc.typeBookSectionpl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The 16th century was the time of Antwerp’s rise but also its downfall. During a period of fifty years Scheldt city gained the status of a European metropolis. It was one of the biggest and most important centres of trade on the Old Continent. It was also here that the most famous bankers families had their offices and on the New Exchange the non-cash transactions were made. Thanks to the concentration of wealth and large-scale immigration, the city developed a literary culture independent from the ducal courts based in Mechelen and Brussels. Religious tolerance and presence of reformed confessions fostered book production and humanistic discussions in which even Erasmus of Rotterdam took part. Despite the absence of a university, Antwerp was an attractive place for intellectuals educated in Leuven and other European academic centres. They were involved in city governing bodies, working as secretaries, chancellors, and archivists. Antwerp’s humanists were also well known as schoolmasters and teachers in private and parish schools that were very popular with patrician families. Antwerp was, along with Venice and Lyon, one of Europe’s capitals of typography in the 16th century. Book production evolved from religious texts and handbooks for common people, to classic and Latin literature, philosophical and medical treaties, and geographical atlases. Dirk Martens, Christoffel Plantijn and other publishers and printers lead their publishing houses in the city on the right bank of Scheldt. They produced books for local as well as foreign markets, which, thanks to traders, reached most cities and courts of Europe. Antwerp was an open city, a lens that focused ideas from the Eastern and Western Worlds. Its inhabitants had a very wide range of contacts which can be seen in the correspondence of Christoffel Plantijn, in alba amicorum of Abraham Ortelius or in Zeitungsbriefen sent by Fuggers’ offices to their headquarters in Augsburg. The landscape of Antwerp’s literary culture is not complete without mentioning the rhetoric chambers. Humanists and artists from Saint Lucas Guild organisations created these entries to the city of the rulers of the Low Countries, landujewelen - the poetic competitions and animated discussions on the religious and politic state of the Seventeen Provinces. Finally, the transformation of the literary relations within the city and its surrounding world, can be found in the chorographic text by Lodovico Guicciardini, Johannes Goropius Becanus and Carolus Scribani. They showed how Antwerp - a diamond in the ring of the Netherlands - lost its status and wealth after the siege of 1585 and during the Catholic revival.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Historyczny : Instytut Historii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Szmytka, Rafał - 144843
dc.contributor.editorpl
Niedźwiedź, Jakub - 130940
dc.date.accessioned
2016-06-30T11:02:19Z
dc.date.available
2016-06-30T11:02:19Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2016
dc.date.openaccess
36
dc.description.accesstime
po opublikowaniu
dc.description.additionalpl
Strona wydawcy: https://www.wuj.pl
dc.description.physicalpl
274-291
dc.description.publicationpl
1
dc.description.series
Terminus. Bibliotheca Classica. Seria 2
dc.description.seriesnumber
nr 6
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.eisbnpl
978-83-233-9486-0
dc.identifier.isbnpl
978-83-233-4024-9
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / P
dc.identifier.uri
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/28535
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.pubinfopl
Kraków : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
dc.rights*
Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf
dc.share.type
otwarte repozytorium
dc.subject.enpl
Antwerp
dc.subject.enpl
literary culture
dc.subject.enpl
16th century
dc.subject.enpl
Low Countries
dc.subject.enpl
early modern period
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Kultura literacka Antwerpii w XVI wieku
dc.title.alternativepl
The literary culture of Antwerp in the 16th century
dc.title.containerpl
Literatura renesansowa w Polsce i Europie : studia dedykowane Profesorowi Andrzejowi Borowskiemu
dc.typepl
BookSection
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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