Lwowscy właściciele Ewangeliarza Ormiańskiego z XII wieku

2010
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enThe article analyses the content of the 6th, 7th and 8th colophon of the Skevra Gospels. To date it has been considered that the individuals mentioned in the 6th colophon and their activities were connected with Kamieniec Podolski, while its dating (1422) was considered as the date the book was brought to Poland. These theses had not been convincingly proven. The connection of Xut‘lupēk (Chutlupek, Chutłubeg, Kutłubej) that appears in this colophon with the father of the founder of the Church of Saint Nicholas in Kamieniec Podolski is chronologically incompatible. This was a common name amongst the Armenians who spoke the Kipchak language. This colophon could therefore have been copied in any of the Armenian diaspora centres of south-eastern Europe, everywhere, in fact, where this language was used. In reply to the questions as to in what form and when the Gospel Book came to Poland one is able to answer merely in the form of a few hypotheses. It could have been brought from the East by an Armenian monk, a legate, a Catholicos or metropolitan, or even by anyone of them. It could have also arrived via France, where the last king of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia was residing, Leon V, and from whence in 1421 there travelled via Lvov and Kamieniec to Palestine Gilbert de Lannoy, a diplomat of the English king Henry V, meeting in both towns the resident Armenians. This could have occurred much later than the 6th colophon is dated but for certain before the year 1592 i.e. the date when the 7th colophon was written down. It is only in the case of this colophon that the individuals mentioned had undoubted connections with Poland. All lived in Lvov (Lwów, L’viv). The founder of the renovation work on the Gospel Book, about which this colophon recalls, was Toros Bernatowicz (T‘oros Per.nat‘enc‘), a member of one of the oldest Armenian families in Lvov, one considered to be the richest, the representatives of which, as Toros himself, sat in the Armenian council of elders for the city of Lvov. The article, based on the entries of the books of the Armenian court in Lvov, presents the family relationships, ownership relations, trade and fortune operations, the relations with the local political elite as well as the legal conflicts of the Bernatowicz family. Toros Bernatowicz was a Lvov erecpokchan (an administrator of the church property of the Armenian parish), one of the key individuals of his time, whose support for the union with the Roman Church the Polish Jesuits strove (unsuccessfully) for. During his funeral (he died in 1631) the Skevra Gospels was carried by an entourage of the chief celebrant, and this was the first Uniate Armenian bishop of Lvov, Mikołaj Torosowicz. This was the first documented certified case of the usage of the Skevra Gospels in a public liturgical celebration since its creation (the end of the 12th century), for the use of this valuable book during the coronation of the Cilicia King Leon I by the archbishop of Mainz, Konrad von Wittelsbach (1199), is merely a hypothesis. The author of the 7th colophon is equally a figure who appears many times in the same source - Father Simon Wasylowicz Lehac‛i (i.e. from Poland). He came from a family related to the Bernatowicz family by marriage, in which hieratic functions were transferred from generation to generation. He commenced his church career as a deacon and personal secretary to the Etchmiadzin Catholicos Step‛anos V Salmastec‛i during the journey by the said to Rome (1548–1550). There he was a witness to the negotiations with the popes Paul III and Julius III. Upon his return to Lvov he fulfilled the function of avakerec (archipresbyter, a superior to the cathedral clergy) under archbishop Gregory of Varak (Grigor Varakec‛i). He was a copyist and illuminator of books commissioned by eminent individuals, for example the papal nuncio in Poland, Giovanni Francesco Commendone. He died sometime after 1598. Possibly the author of the final 8th colophon was his grandson, equally a priest, Jan Kierymowicz (Howhannes Karmatanienc‛), the founder of the first Armenian printing house in Poland (1616).pl
dc.affiliationWydział Historyczny : Instytut Historiipl
dc.contributor.authorStopka, Krzysztof - 132118 pl
dc.date.accession2021-07-27pl
dc.date.accessioned2021-07-27T07:52:19Z
dc.date.available2021-07-27T07:52:19Z
dc.date.issued2010pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.number1pl
dc.description.physical31-62pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.eissn2449-870Xpl
dc.identifier.issn2082-6184pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/276522
dc.identifier.weblinkhttps://journals.akademicka.pl/lehahayer/article/view/2435pl
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowa*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY-NC-ND
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode.pl*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleLwowscy właściciele Ewangeliarza Ormiańskiego z XII wiekupl
dc.title.alternativeThe Lvov owners of the Armenian Gospel Book of the 12th centurypl
dc.title.journalLehahayerpl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The article analyses the content of the 6th, 7th and 8th colophon of the Skevra Gospels. To date it has been considered that the individuals mentioned in the 6th colophon and their activities were connected with Kamieniec Podolski, while its dating (1422) was considered as the date the book was brought to Poland. These theses had not been convincingly proven. The connection of Xut‘lupēk (Chutlupek, Chutłubeg, Kutłubej) that appears in this colophon with the father of the founder of the Church of Saint Nicholas in Kamieniec Podolski is chronologically incompatible. This was a common name amongst the Armenians who spoke the Kipchak language. This colophon could therefore have been copied in any of the Armenian diaspora centres of south-eastern Europe, everywhere, in fact, where this language was used. In reply to the questions as to in what form and when the Gospel Book came to Poland one is able to answer merely in the form of a few hypotheses. It could have been brought from the East by an Armenian monk, a legate, a Catholicos or metropolitan, or even by anyone of them. It could have also arrived via France, where the last king of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia was residing, Leon V, and from whence in 1421 there travelled via Lvov and Kamieniec to Palestine Gilbert de Lannoy, a diplomat of the English king Henry V, meeting in both towns the resident Armenians. This could have occurred much later than the 6th colophon is dated but for certain before the year 1592 i.e. the date when the 7th colophon was written down. It is only in the case of this colophon that the individuals mentioned had undoubted connections with Poland. All lived in Lvov (Lwów, L’viv). The founder of the renovation work on the Gospel Book, about which this colophon recalls, was Toros Bernatowicz (T‘oros Per.nat‘enc‘), a member of one of the oldest Armenian families in Lvov, one considered to be the richest, the representatives of which, as Toros himself, sat in the Armenian council of elders for the city of Lvov. The article, based on the entries of the books of the Armenian court in Lvov, presents the family relationships, ownership relations, trade and fortune operations, the relations with the local political elite as well as the legal conflicts of the Bernatowicz family. Toros Bernatowicz was a Lvov erecpokchan (an administrator of the church property of the Armenian parish), one of the key individuals of his time, whose support for the union with the Roman Church the Polish Jesuits strove (unsuccessfully) for. During his funeral (he died in 1631) the Skevra Gospels was carried by an entourage of the chief celebrant, and this was the first Uniate Armenian bishop of Lvov, Mikołaj Torosowicz. This was the first documented certified case of the usage of the Skevra Gospels in a public liturgical celebration since its creation (the end of the 12th century), for the use of this valuable book during the coronation of the Cilicia King Leon I by the archbishop of Mainz, Konrad von Wittelsbach (1199), is merely a hypothesis. The author of the 7th colophon is equally a figure who appears many times in the same source - Father Simon Wasylowicz Lehac‛i (i.e. from Poland). He came from a family related to the Bernatowicz family by marriage, in which hieratic functions were transferred from generation to generation. He commenced his church career as a deacon and personal secretary to the Etchmiadzin Catholicos Step‛anos V Salmastec‛i during the journey by the said to Rome (1548–1550). There he was a witness to the negotiations with the popes Paul III and Julius III. Upon his return to Lvov he fulfilled the function of avakerec (archipresbyter, a superior to the cathedral clergy) under archbishop Gregory of Varak (Grigor Varakec‛i). He was a copyist and illuminator of books commissioned by eminent individuals, for example the papal nuncio in Poland, Giovanni Francesco Commendone. He died sometime after 1598. Possibly the author of the final 8th colophon was his grandson, equally a priest, Jan Kierymowicz (Howhannes Karmatanienc‛), the founder of the first Armenian printing house in Poland (1616).
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Historyczny : Instytut Historii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Stopka, Krzysztof - 132118
dc.date.accessionpl
2021-07-27
dc.date.accessioned
2021-07-27T07:52:19Z
dc.date.available
2021-07-27T07:52:19Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2010
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.numberpl
1
dc.description.physicalpl
31-62
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2449-870X
dc.identifier.issnpl
2082-6184
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/276522
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
https://journals.akademicka.pl/lehahayer/article/view/2435
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowa
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY-NC-ND
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode.pl
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Lwowscy właściciele Ewangeliarza Ormiańskiego z XII wieku
dc.title.alternativepl
The Lvov owners of the Armenian Gospel Book of the 12th century
dc.title.journalpl
Lehahayer
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication

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