Funkcja roszczenia prewencyjnego uregulowanego w art. 323 ust. 1 Ustawy z dnia 27 kwietnia 2001 r. - Prawo ochrony środowiska w systemie cywilnoprawnych środków ochrony środowiska

2021
journal article
article
cris.lastimport.wos2024-04-09T19:41:00Z
dc.abstract.enThe objective of the article is to analyse Article 323(1) of the Environmental Protection Law Act of 27 April 2001 (the "EPL") in order to determine its function in the system of civil measures of environmental protection. The regulation authorises any entity, who, as result of an unlawful environmental impact, is in direct threat of incurring or had already suffered damage, to demand from the entity liable for such threat or breach implementation of actions aimed at restoration of state compliant with the law, as well as to undertake preventive measures, in particular installation of equipment preventing the occurrence of the threat or breach. If the application of such preventive measures is impossible or unduly difficult, it is admissible to demand cessation of the activity causing the threat or the breach. As this regulation may perform either compensatory or preventive function, the paper is limited to the analysis of the latter. The author compares the application of Article 323(1) of the EPL with traditional civil law instruments, which have been used, indirectly, to formulate claims protecting the environment - actio negatoria and Article 439 of the Polish Civil Code (the "CC"). The comparison proves that the structure of Article 323(1) of the EPL is extraordinarily complex and therefore this regulation is rarely used. Also, due to the fact that unlawfulness is required in order to formulate a claim based on it, the scope of application of Article 323(1) of the EPL is much more limited compared to Article 439 of the CC. As a consequence, the analysed regulation is not a very effective private law measure for environmental protection.pl
dc.contributor.authorRobakowska, Martynapl
dc.date.accession2021-04-06pl
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-06T14:01:53Z
dc.date.available2021-04-06T14:01:53Z
dc.date.issued2021pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalBibliogr. s. 119-123pl
dc.description.number1pl
dc.description.physical97-124pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.doi10.26106/cgc5-xd98pl
dc.identifier.issn1641-1609pl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/268670
dc.identifier.weblinkhttp://www.transformacje.pl/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/Robakowska-1-2021.pdfpl
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsDozwolony użytek utworów chronionych*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpreventive claimpl
dc.subject.enactio negatoriapl
dc.subject.enenvironmental protectionpl
dc.subject.enthreat of damagepl
dc.subject.plroszczenie prewencyjnepl
dc.subject.plroszczenie negatoryjnepl
dc.subject.plochrona środowiskapl
dc.subject.plzagrożenie szkodąpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleFunkcja roszczenia prewencyjnego uregulowanego w art. 323 ust. 1 Ustawy z dnia 27 kwietnia 2001 r. - Prawo ochrony środowiska w systemie cywilnoprawnych środków ochrony środowiskapl
dc.title.alternativeFunction of preventive claim regulated in article 323(1) of the Environmental Protection Law Act of 27 April 2001 in the system of civil measures for environmental protectionpl
dc.title.journalTransformacje Prawa Prywatnegopl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
cris.lastimport.wos
2024-04-09T19:41:00Z
dc.abstract.enpl
The objective of the article is to analyse Article 323(1) of the Environmental Protection Law Act of 27 April 2001 (the "EPL") in order to determine its function in the system of civil measures of environmental protection. The regulation authorises any entity, who, as result of an unlawful environmental impact, is in direct threat of incurring or had already suffered damage, to demand from the entity liable for such threat or breach implementation of actions aimed at restoration of state compliant with the law, as well as to undertake preventive measures, in particular installation of equipment preventing the occurrence of the threat or breach. If the application of such preventive measures is impossible or unduly difficult, it is admissible to demand cessation of the activity causing the threat or the breach. As this regulation may perform either compensatory or preventive function, the paper is limited to the analysis of the latter. The author compares the application of Article 323(1) of the EPL with traditional civil law instruments, which have been used, indirectly, to formulate claims protecting the environment - actio negatoria and Article 439 of the Polish Civil Code (the "CC"). The comparison proves that the structure of Article 323(1) of the EPL is extraordinarily complex and therefore this regulation is rarely used. Also, due to the fact that unlawfulness is required in order to formulate a claim based on it, the scope of application of Article 323(1) of the EPL is much more limited compared to Article 439 of the CC. As a consequence, the analysed regulation is not a very effective private law measure for environmental protection.
dc.contributor.authorpl
Robakowska, Martyna
dc.date.accessionpl
2021-04-06
dc.date.accessioned
2021-04-06T14:01:53Z
dc.date.available
2021-04-06T14:01:53Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2021
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalpl
Bibliogr. s. 119-123
dc.description.numberpl
1
dc.description.physicalpl
97-124
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.doipl
10.26106/cgc5-xd98
dc.identifier.issnpl
1641-1609
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/268670
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
http://www.transformacje.pl/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/Robakowska-1-2021.pdf
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
preventive claim
dc.subject.enpl
actio negatoria
dc.subject.enpl
environmental protection
dc.subject.enpl
threat of damage
dc.subject.plpl
roszczenie prewencyjne
dc.subject.plpl
roszczenie negatoryjne
dc.subject.plpl
ochrona środowiska
dc.subject.plpl
zagrożenie szkodą
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Funkcja roszczenia prewencyjnego uregulowanego w art. 323 ust. 1 Ustawy z dnia 27 kwietnia 2001 r. - Prawo ochrony środowiska w systemie cywilnoprawnych środków ochrony środowiska
dc.title.alternativepl
Function of preventive claim regulated in article 323(1) of the Environmental Protection Law Act of 27 April 2001 in the system of civil measures for environmental protection
dc.title.journalpl
Transformacje Prawa Prywatnego
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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