Importance of philosophy of science to the history of medical thinking

1999
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enPopular approach to the history of medicine rests on naive assumptions that: 1) only the present state of medical knowledge can be counted as scientific and only those elements of the farmer knowledge and practice which fitted the body of contemporary science should be regarded by the historians of medicine (presentism); 2) medical sciences, like the other natura! sciences, portray natura! phenomena as they really are (naturalism); 3) progress in sciences consists of cumulative growth of information and explanation. The twentieth century philosophical critique of science revealed that none of these assumptions were true. Empirical facts, which are taken as a basis for any true knowledge, are dependant on the presumed theories; theories are intertwined into a broader socio-cultural context; theory-changing processes are caused by social factors rather than by the theoretical con tent. Therefore, it is a common task ofhistorians of medicine and philosophers of science to reveal all theoretical and cultural premises on which our comprehension of the contemporary medicine is founded.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Nauk o Zdrowiu : Instytut Pielęgniarstwa i Położnictwapl
dc.contributor.authorZalewski, Zbigniew - 133886 pl
dc.date.accessioned2014-12-30T13:31:10Z
dc.date.available2014-12-30T13:31:10Z
dc.date.issued1999pl
dc.description.number1pl
dc.description.physical8-13pl
dc.description.volume40pl
dc.identifier.eissn1332-8166pl
dc.identifier.issn0353-9504pl
dc.identifier.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/2433
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.subject.enmedical educationpl
dc.subject.enmedical ethicspl
dc.subject.enhealth educationpl
dc.subject.enhistory of medicinepl
dc.subject.enmodern medicinepl
dc.subject.enmedical schoolspl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleImportance of philosophy of science to the history of medical thinkingpl
dc.title.journalCroatian Medical Journalpl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
Popular approach to the history of medicine rests on naive assumptions that: 1) only the present state of medical knowledge can be counted as scientific and only those elements of the farmer knowledge and practice which fitted the body of contemporary science should be regarded by the historians of medicine (presentism); 2) medical sciences, like the other natura! sciences, portray natura! phenomena as they really are (naturalism); 3) progress in sciences consists of cumulative growth of information and explanation. The twentieth century philosophical critique of science revealed that none of these assumptions were true. Empirical facts, which are taken as a basis for any true knowledge, are dependant on the presumed theories; theories are intertwined into a broader socio-cultural context; theory-changing processes are caused by social factors rather than by the theoretical con tent. Therefore, it is a common task ofhistorians of medicine and philosophers of science to reveal all theoretical and cultural premises on which our comprehension of the contemporary medicine is founded.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu : Instytut Pielęgniarstwa i Położnictwa
dc.contributor.authorpl
Zalewski, Zbigniew - 133886
dc.date.accessioned
2014-12-30T13:31:10Z
dc.date.available
2014-12-30T13:31:10Z
dc.date.issuedpl
1999
dc.description.numberpl
1
dc.description.physicalpl
8-13
dc.description.volumepl
40
dc.identifier.eissnpl
1332-8166
dc.identifier.issnpl
0353-9504
dc.identifier.uri
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/2433
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.subject.enpl
medical education
dc.subject.enpl
medical ethics
dc.subject.enpl
health education
dc.subject.enpl
history of medicine
dc.subject.enpl
modern medicine
dc.subject.enpl
medical schools
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Importance of philosophy of science to the history of medical thinking
dc.title.journalpl
Croatian Medical Journal
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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