Late Glacial and Holocene paleoecology and paleoenvironmental changes in the northern Carpathians foreland : the Żarska Cave (southern Poland) case study

2020
journal article
article
cris.lastimport.wos2024-04-09T23:14:49Z
dc.abstract.enThe study of past environments, their ecology, and detailed changes through time has become an important task of environmental science. Records of paleoenvironment usually vary between regions owing to different influences of local climate, vegetation, relief, and depositional processes. Therefore, studying local sequences thoroughly allows paleoenvironmental and paleoecological reconstructions for particular regions, but it also provides important data that complement the global record. The Żarska Cave is an exceptional site, which owing to its thick and undisturbed Holocene sediments with very rich paleobotanical and paleozoological materials has become the most complete example of the uppermost Upper Pleistocene and Holocene cave deposits in the Polish uplands. The aim of our study was to understand paleoenvironmental changes in southern Poland, from the late Glacial to the late Holocene, which has been targeted by use of a detailed geological analysis accompanied by analysis of a wide range of paleobotanical, paleozoological, and archeological assemblages. All the results obtained have permitted characterization of the paleoenvironmental changes occurring in the area of the Polish Jura during the last >15 ka years. A particularly well-represented sequence covers the Allerød interstadial, which revealed the presence of forests with associated shade-loving mollusks and rodents. The beginning of the Holocene was clearly identified with an increase of shaded forest habitats, which developed in a still relatively cold climate with continental features, and with the first appearance of mesophilous deciduous trees. During the middle Holocene, unusual evidence for maple forests is documented, which developed before the formation of beech forests, typical for the late Holocene. The obtained sequence has great significance not only for the Polish Jura region, but also has wider implications for southern Poland and the vast area of the northern Carpathian foreland.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Lekarski : Zakład Anatomiipl
dc.affiliationWydział Geografii i Geologii : Instytut Nauk Geologicznychpl
dc.affiliationWydział Historyczny : Instytut Archeologiipl
dc.contributor.authorWilczyński, Jarosław - 155885 pl
dc.contributor.authorKrajcarz, Maciej T.pl
dc.contributor.authorMoskal-del Hoyo, Magdalenapl
dc.contributor.authorAlexandrowicz, Witold Pawełpl
dc.contributor.authorMiękina, Barbarapl
dc.contributor.authorPereswiet-Soltan, Andreapl
dc.contributor.authorWertz, Krzysztofpl
dc.contributor.authorLipecki, Grzegorzpl
dc.contributor.authorMarciszak, Adrianpl
dc.contributor.authorLõugas, Lembipl
dc.contributor.authorGradziński, Michał - 128164 pl
dc.contributor.authorSzczepanek, Anita - 132200 pl
dc.contributor.authorZastawny, Albertpl
dc.contributor.authorWojenka, Michał - 132700 pl
dc.date.accessioned2020-07-30T07:17:00Z
dc.date.available2020-07-30T07:17:00Z
dc.date.issued2020pl
dc.description.number6pl
dc.description.physical905-922pl
dc.description.publication0,63pl
dc.description.volume30pl
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/0959683620902220pl
dc.identifier.eissn1477-0911pl
dc.identifier.issn0959-6836pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / Opl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/243123
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rights.licencebez licencji
dc.subject.enanthracologypl
dc.subject.encave sedimentspl
dc.subject.enenvironmentpl
dc.subject.engeologypl
dc.subject.enHolocenepl
dc.subject.enpaleontologypl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleLate Glacial and Holocene paleoecology and paleoenvironmental changes in the northern Carpathians foreland : the Żarska Cave (southern Poland) case studypl
dc.title.journalHolocenepl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
cris.lastimport.wos
2024-04-09T23:14:49Z
dc.abstract.enpl
The study of past environments, their ecology, and detailed changes through time has become an important task of environmental science. Records of paleoenvironment usually vary between regions owing to different influences of local climate, vegetation, relief, and depositional processes. Therefore, studying local sequences thoroughly allows paleoenvironmental and paleoecological reconstructions for particular regions, but it also provides important data that complement the global record. The Żarska Cave is an exceptional site, which owing to its thick and undisturbed Holocene sediments with very rich paleobotanical and paleozoological materials has become the most complete example of the uppermost Upper Pleistocene and Holocene cave deposits in the Polish uplands. The aim of our study was to understand paleoenvironmental changes in southern Poland, from the late Glacial to the late Holocene, which has been targeted by use of a detailed geological analysis accompanied by analysis of a wide range of paleobotanical, paleozoological, and archeological assemblages. All the results obtained have permitted characterization of the paleoenvironmental changes occurring in the area of the Polish Jura during the last >15 ka years. A particularly well-represented sequence covers the Allerød interstadial, which revealed the presence of forests with associated shade-loving mollusks and rodents. The beginning of the Holocene was clearly identified with an increase of shaded forest habitats, which developed in a still relatively cold climate with continental features, and with the first appearance of mesophilous deciduous trees. During the middle Holocene, unusual evidence for maple forests is documented, which developed before the formation of beech forests, typical for the late Holocene. The obtained sequence has great significance not only for the Polish Jura region, but also has wider implications for southern Poland and the vast area of the northern Carpathian foreland.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Lekarski : Zakład Anatomii
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Geografii i Geologii : Instytut Nauk Geologicznych
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Historyczny : Instytut Archeologii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Wilczyński, Jarosław - 155885
dc.contributor.authorpl
Krajcarz, Maciej T.
dc.contributor.authorpl
Moskal-del Hoyo, Magdalena
dc.contributor.authorpl
Alexandrowicz, Witold Paweł
dc.contributor.authorpl
Miękina, Barbara
dc.contributor.authorpl
Pereswiet-Soltan, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorpl
Wertz, Krzysztof
dc.contributor.authorpl
Lipecki, Grzegorz
dc.contributor.authorpl
Marciszak, Adrian
dc.contributor.authorpl
Lõugas, Lembi
dc.contributor.authorpl
Gradziński, Michał - 128164
dc.contributor.authorpl
Szczepanek, Anita - 132200
dc.contributor.authorpl
Zastawny, Albert
dc.contributor.authorpl
Wojenka, Michał - 132700
dc.date.accessioned
2020-07-30T07:17:00Z
dc.date.available
2020-07-30T07:17:00Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2020
dc.description.numberpl
6
dc.description.physicalpl
905-922
dc.description.publicationpl
0,63
dc.description.volumepl
30
dc.identifier.doipl
10.1177/0959683620902220
dc.identifier.eissnpl
1477-0911
dc.identifier.issnpl
0959-6836
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / O
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/243123
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.rights.licence
bez licencji
dc.subject.enpl
anthracology
dc.subject.enpl
cave sediments
dc.subject.enpl
environment
dc.subject.enpl
geology
dc.subject.enpl
Holocene
dc.subject.enpl
paleontology
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Late Glacial and Holocene paleoecology and paleoenvironmental changes in the northern Carpathians foreland : the Żarska Cave (southern Poland) case study
dc.title.journalpl
Holocene
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication

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