"So kommen die Juden in Europe zurück“ : Antworten auf den Holocaust in der Lyrik polnischer Juden 1941-1948

2015
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enThe article examines Yiddish-Polish writers’ response to the Holocaust in their poetry written in the years 1941-1948 and published in Poland in the early postwar years, when the country enjoyed relative political freedom. Special attention is given to a highly interesting theme appearing in the wartime lyrics written by Jewish survivors in the East (like B. Heller, H. Rubin, R. Żhikhlinsky, A. Zak), i.e. their call to arms addressed to the Jews living in Nazi-occupied Poland. The refugees could not bear the thought that whole masses of Jews died without putting up a fight in the ghettoes and camps in the West. It was probably this helplessness that evolved into their poetic appeal addressed to their ghettoized brethren, their call for resistance and punishment of the Nazi German murderers. Interestingly, the works of some writers who survived in the ghettos (such as Y. Shpigl, Y. Katsenelson and others), prove that ghettoized Jews who were tormented by the “docile death” complex also dreamed about being involved in an armed struggle against the Nazi Germans, but were aware of their weakness in the face of a much stronger enemy. Immediately after the war, this discrepancy of experience and knowledge led to a serious lack of understanding between those Jews who had survived in Poland and those who had survived in the East. The article examines these difference of experiences as it is reflected in the poetry.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Historyczny : Instytut Judaistykipl
dc.contributor.authorRuta, Magdalena - 101410 pl
dc.date.accession2020-02-05pl
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-10T11:31:04Z
dc.date.available2016-03-10T11:31:04Z
dc.date.issued2015pl
dc.date.openaccess12
dc.description.accesstimepo opublikowaniu
dc.description.physical155-172pl
dc.description.publication1,2pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume13pl
dc.identifier.doi10.4467/20843925SJ.15.012.4234pl
dc.identifier.eissn2084-3925pl
dc.identifier.issn1733-5760pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / Ppl
dc.identifier.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/22106
dc.identifier.weblinkhttp://www.ejournals.eu/Scripta-Judaica-Cracoviensia/2015/Volume-13/art/6517/pl
dc.languagegerpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rightsDozwolony użytek utworów chronionych*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enYiddish literature on the Holocaustpl
dc.subject.enJewish survivorspl
dc.subject.enghettoized Jewspl
dc.subject.enresistancepl
dc.subject.enpassivitypl
dc.subject.enoccupied Polandpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.title"So kommen die Juden in Europe zurück“ : Antworten auf den Holocaust in der Lyrik polnischer Juden 1941-1948pl
dc.title.alternative"So the Jews are coming back to Europe" : response to the Holocaust in the poetry of Polish Jews 1941-1948pl
dc.title.journalScripta Judaica Cracoviensiapl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The article examines Yiddish-Polish writers’ response to the Holocaust in their poetry written in the years 1941-1948 and published in Poland in the early postwar years, when the country enjoyed relative political freedom. Special attention is given to a highly interesting theme appearing in the wartime lyrics written by Jewish survivors in the East (like B. Heller, H. Rubin, R. Żhikhlinsky, A. Zak), i.e. their call to arms addressed to the Jews living in Nazi-occupied Poland. The refugees could not bear the thought that whole masses of Jews died without putting up a fight in the ghettoes and camps in the West. It was probably this helplessness that evolved into their poetic appeal addressed to their ghettoized brethren, their call for resistance and punishment of the Nazi German murderers. Interestingly, the works of some writers who survived in the ghettos (such as Y. Shpigl, Y. Katsenelson and others), prove that ghettoized Jews who were tormented by the “docile death” complex also dreamed about being involved in an armed struggle against the Nazi Germans, but were aware of their weakness in the face of a much stronger enemy. Immediately after the war, this discrepancy of experience and knowledge led to a serious lack of understanding between those Jews who had survived in Poland and those who had survived in the East. The article examines these difference of experiences as it is reflected in the poetry.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Historyczny : Instytut Judaistyki
dc.contributor.authorpl
Ruta, Magdalena - 101410
dc.date.accessionpl
2020-02-05
dc.date.accessioned
2016-03-10T11:31:04Z
dc.date.available
2016-03-10T11:31:04Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2015
dc.date.openaccess
12
dc.description.accesstime
po opublikowaniu
dc.description.physicalpl
155-172
dc.description.publicationpl
1,2
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
13
dc.identifier.doipl
10.4467/20843925SJ.15.012.4234
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2084-3925
dc.identifier.issnpl
1733-5760
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / P
dc.identifier.uri
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/22106
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
http://www.ejournals.eu/Scripta-Judaica-Cracoviensia/2015/Volume-13/art/6517/
dc.languagepl
ger
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.rights*
Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
Yiddish literature on the Holocaust
dc.subject.enpl
Jewish survivors
dc.subject.enpl
ghettoized Jews
dc.subject.enpl
resistance
dc.subject.enpl
passivity
dc.subject.enpl
occupied Poland
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
"So kommen die Juden in Europe zurück“ : Antworten auf den Holocaust in der Lyrik polnischer Juden 1941-1948
dc.title.alternativepl
"So the Jews are coming back to Europe" : response to the Holocaust in the poetry of Polish Jews 1941-1948
dc.title.journalpl
Scripta Judaica Cracoviensia
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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