"De consolatione somni” - figura Pocieszycielki w renesansowej poezji miłosnej : Jan Kochanowski w nurcie łacińskiej literatury europejskiej (Boecjusz, F. Petrarca, G. Pontano, J. Secundus)

2014
journal article
article
cris.lastimport.wos2024-04-09T18:09:55Z
dc.abstract.enThis paper presents the history of a motif that the author calls De consolatione somni. It is based on the Boethian pattern of consolation brought about by a woman who appears in a dream. Lady Philosophy, who in De consolatione Philosophiae morally and philosophically comforts Boethius when under sentence of death, is later introduced by Dante and Petrarch into the Renaissance poetry. The motif was applied to two ends: to express love in amorous poetry and grief in poetry of mourning. In Dante’s Vita nova and Petrarch’s Canzoniere (the author analyses poems No. 282 and 359) the deceased beloved appears to the bereaved lover in a dream and brings him comfort. Boccaccio, the third jewel in the “Tuscan crown,” in his eclogue Olympia introduces this motif to literature of mourning, creating the patterns of poetry dedicated to deceased girls (his influence is visible, for instance, in the Middle English poem The Perl, in the Dialogue en forme de vision nocturne by Margaret of Navarre or in Lament XIX by Kochanowski). The 15th-century lyric bonds mourning and erotic elements together even more strongly, adding a sensual dimension. Giovanni Pontano, in his poems dedicated to the memory of his late wife (the author analyses works from Lyra 9, Eridanus II 1; II 32, Hendecasyllabi II 29), evokes dream visions in which her spirit visits him. This consolation, however, had a clear sensual and erotic character, for the dead wife would come to her husband’s bed. He also likewise envisioned the prospective unification of the spouses in Elysium. In the next two centuries, in anti-Petrarchan poetry such consolation experienced in erotic dreams appeared both in poems of mourning (when the beloved passed away) and in love poems (when fulfilment was impossible for other reasons). The latter option is here illustrated in elegy I 10 by Secundus. A dream that compensates for the deficiencies of reality is a frequent motif in baroque poetry (G.B. Marino, A. Morsztyn). Yet the target point of this study is determined by the works that constitute the compositional frame of book II of Jan Kochanowski’s Elegiarum libri IV. Here we come across a rather unusual idea. A betrayed lover wishing to free himself from his humiliating love has a dream in which the goddess Venus appears (elegy II 4). Like Lady Philosophy (the Boethian pattern is particularly visible in a previous version of the elegy that is preserved in a manuscript), Venus tries to convert her charge to her domain, that is, to renew love in him. (This character, and especially her way of reasoning, is reminiscent of the creation of the Mother in Lament XIX). The triumph of the comforter is not long – elegy 11 brings another concept: a suicide committed in a dream that symbolically puts an end to unhappy love. Another significant aim of this paper is to draw attention to the influence that Boethius and his version of Platonism had on Renaissance poetry, and on Jan Kochanowski in particular. It seems especially important for recognising the sources of Lament XIX and elegies from book II of the printed volume. The first to have noticed Boethius’ impact on Kochanowski’s work was Izydor Richter (1912) but his discovery has not been exploited by later researchers. To sum up, the paper presents the history of a non-obvious (singled out by the paper’s author) motif in modern poetry and its relation to both love poetry and poetry of mourning as well as the Neoplatonic basis of Renaissance erotic lyric. It also explains the origin and the meaning of the dream vision in Kochanowski’s book II of Elegies and (although it is not the chief aim of the paper) the genesis of the comforting Mother who appears with Orszulka, the departed daughter of the poet, in Lament XIX.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Polonistyki : Katedra Historii Literatury Staropolskiejpl
dc.contributor.authorUrban-Godziek, Grażyna - 132479 pl
dc.date.accession2016-01-31pl
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-01T10:24:12Z
dc.date.available2016-02-01T10:24:12Z
dc.date.issued2014pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalBibliogr., s. 119-121pl
dc.description.number1 (30)pl
dc.description.physical93-121pl
dc.description.publication1,4pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume16pl
dc.identifier.doi10.4467/20843844TE.14.005.2373pl
dc.identifier.eissn2084-3844pl
dc.identifier.issn2082-0984pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / Ppl
dc.identifier.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/20305
dc.identifier.weblinkhttp://www.ejournals.eu/Terminus/2014/Terminus-2014-1/art/3268/pl
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsDozwolony użytek utworów chronionych*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.endream motifpl
dc.subject.enconsolationpl
dc.subject.enearly modern love poetrypl
dc.subject.enpoetry of mourningpl
dc.subject.enneo-Latin poetrypl
dc.subject.enBoethiuspl
dc.subject.enFrancesco Petrarchpl
dc.subject.enGiovanni Pontanopl
dc.subject.enJohannes Secunduspl
dc.subject.enJan Kochanowskipl
dc.subject.plmotyw snupl
dc.subject.plpocieszeniepl
dc.subject.pldawna poezja miłosnapl
dc.subject.plpoezja żałobnapl
dc.subject.plpoezja nowołacińskapl
dc.subject.plBoecjuszpl
dc.subject.plFrancesco Petrarkapl
dc.subject.plGiovanni Pontanopl
dc.subject.plJohannes Secunduspl
dc.subject.plJan Kochanowskipl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.title"De consolatione somni” - figura Pocieszycielki w renesansowej poezji miłosnej : Jan Kochanowski w nurcie łacińskiej literatury europejskiej (Boecjusz, F. Petrarca, G. Pontano, J. Secundus)pl
dc.title.alternative"De consolatione somni” - the figure of the comforter in the renaissance love poetry : Jan Kochanowski and the current of Latin literature in Europe (Boethius, F. Petrarch, G. Pontano, J. Secundus)pl
dc.title.journalTerminuspl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
cris.lastimport.wos
2024-04-09T18:09:55Z
dc.abstract.enpl
This paper presents the history of a motif that the author calls De consolatione somni. It is based on the Boethian pattern of consolation brought about by a woman who appears in a dream. Lady Philosophy, who in De consolatione Philosophiae morally and philosophically comforts Boethius when under sentence of death, is later introduced by Dante and Petrarch into the Renaissance poetry. The motif was applied to two ends: to express love in amorous poetry and grief in poetry of mourning. In Dante’s Vita nova and Petrarch’s Canzoniere (the author analyses poems No. 282 and 359) the deceased beloved appears to the bereaved lover in a dream and brings him comfort. Boccaccio, the third jewel in the “Tuscan crown,” in his eclogue Olympia introduces this motif to literature of mourning, creating the patterns of poetry dedicated to deceased girls (his influence is visible, for instance, in the Middle English poem The Perl, in the Dialogue en forme de vision nocturne by Margaret of Navarre or in Lament XIX by Kochanowski). The 15th-century lyric bonds mourning and erotic elements together even more strongly, adding a sensual dimension. Giovanni Pontano, in his poems dedicated to the memory of his late wife (the author analyses works from Lyra 9, Eridanus II 1; II 32, Hendecasyllabi II 29), evokes dream visions in which her spirit visits him. This consolation, however, had a clear sensual and erotic character, for the dead wife would come to her husband’s bed. He also likewise envisioned the prospective unification of the spouses in Elysium. In the next two centuries, in anti-Petrarchan poetry such consolation experienced in erotic dreams appeared both in poems of mourning (when the beloved passed away) and in love poems (when fulfilment was impossible for other reasons). The latter option is here illustrated in elegy I 10 by Secundus. A dream that compensates for the deficiencies of reality is a frequent motif in baroque poetry (G.B. Marino, A. Morsztyn). Yet the target point of this study is determined by the works that constitute the compositional frame of book II of Jan Kochanowski’s Elegiarum libri IV. Here we come across a rather unusual idea. A betrayed lover wishing to free himself from his humiliating love has a dream in which the goddess Venus appears (elegy II 4). Like Lady Philosophy (the Boethian pattern is particularly visible in a previous version of the elegy that is preserved in a manuscript), Venus tries to convert her charge to her domain, that is, to renew love in him. (This character, and especially her way of reasoning, is reminiscent of the creation of the Mother in Lament XIX). The triumph of the comforter is not long – elegy 11 brings another concept: a suicide committed in a dream that symbolically puts an end to unhappy love. Another significant aim of this paper is to draw attention to the influence that Boethius and his version of Platonism had on Renaissance poetry, and on Jan Kochanowski in particular. It seems especially important for recognising the sources of Lament XIX and elegies from book II of the printed volume. The first to have noticed Boethius’ impact on Kochanowski’s work was Izydor Richter (1912) but his discovery has not been exploited by later researchers. To sum up, the paper presents the history of a non-obvious (singled out by the paper’s author) motif in modern poetry and its relation to both love poetry and poetry of mourning as well as the Neoplatonic basis of Renaissance erotic lyric. It also explains the origin and the meaning of the dream vision in Kochanowski’s book II of Elegies and (although it is not the chief aim of the paper) the genesis of the comforting Mother who appears with Orszulka, the departed daughter of the poet, in Lament XIX.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Polonistyki : Katedra Historii Literatury Staropolskiej
dc.contributor.authorpl
Urban-Godziek, Grażyna - 132479
dc.date.accessionpl
2016-01-31
dc.date.accessioned
2016-02-01T10:24:12Z
dc.date.available
2016-02-01T10:24:12Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2014
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalpl
Bibliogr., s. 119-121
dc.description.numberpl
1 (30)
dc.description.physicalpl
93-121
dc.description.publicationpl
1,4
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
16
dc.identifier.doipl
10.4467/20843844TE.14.005.2373
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2084-3844
dc.identifier.issnpl
2082-0984
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / P
dc.identifier.uri
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/20305
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
http://www.ejournals.eu/Terminus/2014/Terminus-2014-1/art/3268/
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
dream motif
dc.subject.enpl
consolation
dc.subject.enpl
early modern love poetry
dc.subject.enpl
poetry of mourning
dc.subject.enpl
neo-Latin poetry
dc.subject.enpl
Boethius
dc.subject.enpl
Francesco Petrarch
dc.subject.enpl
Giovanni Pontano
dc.subject.enpl
Johannes Secundus
dc.subject.enpl
Jan Kochanowski
dc.subject.plpl
motyw snu
dc.subject.plpl
pocieszenie
dc.subject.plpl
dawna poezja miłosna
dc.subject.plpl
poezja żałobna
dc.subject.plpl
poezja nowołacińska
dc.subject.plpl
Boecjusz
dc.subject.plpl
Francesco Petrarka
dc.subject.plpl
Giovanni Pontano
dc.subject.plpl
Johannes Secundus
dc.subject.plpl
Jan Kochanowski
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
"De consolatione somni” - figura Pocieszycielki w renesansowej poezji miłosnej : Jan Kochanowski w nurcie łacińskiej literatury europejskiej (Boecjusz, F. Petrarca, G. Pontano, J. Secundus)
dc.title.alternativepl
"De consolatione somni” - the figure of the comforter in the renaissance love poetry : Jan Kochanowski and the current of Latin literature in Europe (Boethius, F. Petrarch, G. Pontano, J. Secundus)
dc.title.journalpl
Terminus
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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