Memory effects of implicit and explicit negation in a visual setting : negation based on implicatures leads to a similar number of false memory alarms as overt negation

2019
journal article
article
3
3
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cris.lastimport.scopus2024-04-07T15:17:33Z
cris.lastimport.wos2024-04-10T00:51:03Z
dc.abstract.enAIMS: The primary goal of the presented research was to investigate the memory effects of implicit negation, conveyed using implicatures, as compared to explicit negation. We also speculated that implicit negation might require more cognitive effort. METHODS: Three experiments were conducted (total N = 181), in which participants were presented with a description containing implicit or explicit negation, followed by a memory recognition test of items present, negated or not mentioned in the description. We manipulated the pace at which the description was presented (own pace vs. fixed) and whether participants were informed about the upcoming recognition test. RESULTS: We found no differences between explicit and implicit negation in the number of false alarms to negated and not mentioned items, response times or time spent reading the source material. Bayesian analyses indicated a 90% probability that there were no differences in the number of false alarms between explicit and implicit negation. CONCLUSIONS: Implicit and explicit negation lead to a similar quality of recognition, and seem to require a similar amount of time to process, indicating comparable cognitive effort.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Zarządzania i Komunikacji Społecznej : Instytut Psychologii Stosowanejpl
dc.contributor.authorMaciuszek, Józef - 130159 pl
dc.contributor.authorPolak, Mateusz - 107066 pl
dc.contributor.authorSekulak, Martyna - 187811 pl
dc.date.accession2020-03-02pl
dc.date.accessioned2020-03-04T09:35:52Z
dc.date.available2020-03-04T09:35:52Z
dc.date.issued2019pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.number4pl
dc.description.physical293-302pl
dc.description.publication0,7pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume50pl
dc.identifier.doi10.24425/ppb.2019.131002pl
dc.identifier.issn0079-2993pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/150921
dc.identifier.weblinkhttp://journals.pan.pl/dlibra/publication/131002/edition/114418/contentpl
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowa*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY-NC-ND
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode.pl*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enimplicit negationpl
dc.subject.enexplicit negationpl
dc.subject.enpragmatic inferencepl
dc.subject.ennegation memorypl
dc.subject.enimplicaturespl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleMemory effects of implicit and explicit negation in a visual setting : negation based on implicatures leads to a similar number of false memory alarms as overt negationpl
dc.title.journalPolish Psychological Bulletinpl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication

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