Politeness, gender, and English-medium Facebook communication

2019
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enComputer Mediated Communication has made it possible for its users to interact freely with each other despite physical distance. Social networking sites, notably Facebook, particularly encourage informal contacts between their users, which are not infrequently maintained in English as a language of international communication. The purpose of Facebook-mediated interaction is to exchange information on a variety of subjects, but what appears to be its overriding aim is to sustain contacts and good relations with one’s friends and acquaintances, as well as enhance one’s own, usually positive, image. The phatic function of language appears therefore to be one of the chief traits of Facebook communication. The primary aim of the paper, inspired by my research of the use of English as the first, second and foreign language, represented in the study by numerically parallel groups of British, Indian, and Polish Facebook users (cf. Dąbrowska 2013) [1], is therefore to evaluate the character of the strategies of politeness recorded in the collected material. The study focuses on the identification of particular intentionally polite speech acts (cf. Watts 2003) [2] expressed in the posts generated by the three aforementioned groups of users, and their discussion within the framework of Brown and Levinson’s (1978/1987) [3] classical division into positive and negative politeness, their frequency as well as the form of the language shaped by conventions of online politeness. Moreover, the discussion examines examples of emotive language (cf. Janney and Arndt 2005) [4] which additionally broaden the scope as well as reinforce the strength of polite meanings. The analysis is carried out with respect to both the cultural and linguistic background of the authors of the posts and, primarily, the users’ gender, which, as will be demonstrated, proves to be the major factor influencing the frequencies of use of a variety of polite meanings, with women invariably taking the lead in this respect, regardless of their diverse cultural and linguistic background.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Filologiczny : Instytut Filologii Angielskiejpl
dc.contributor.authorDąbrowska, Marta - 127701 pl
dc.date.accession2020-03-02pl
dc.date.accessioned2020-03-02T14:59:23Z
dc.date.available2020-03-02T14:59:23Z
dc.date.issued2019pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalBibliogr. s. 142-146pl
dc.description.physical117-146pl
dc.description.publication1,81pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume40pl
dc.identifier.eissn1314-4464pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/150739
dc.identifier.weblinkhttp://journal.rhetoric.bg/?page_id=2395pl
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowa*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY-NC-ND
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode.pl*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpolitenesspl
dc.subject.enEnglish as a global languagepl
dc.subject.engenderlectspl
dc.subject.enComputer-Mediated Communicationpl
dc.subject.enFacebookpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titlePoliteness, gender, and English-medium Facebook communicationpl
dc.title.journalРеторика и Kомуникации = Retorika i Komunikacii = Rhetoric and Communicationspl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
Computer Mediated Communication has made it possible for its users to interact freely with each other despite physical distance. Social networking sites, notably Facebook, particularly encourage informal contacts between their users, which are not infrequently maintained in English as a language of international communication. The purpose of Facebook-mediated interaction is to exchange information on a variety of subjects, but what appears to be its overriding aim is to sustain contacts and good relations with one’s friends and acquaintances, as well as enhance one’s own, usually positive, image. The phatic function of language appears therefore to be one of the chief traits of Facebook communication. The primary aim of the paper, inspired by my research of the use of English as the first, second and foreign language, represented in the study by numerically parallel groups of British, Indian, and Polish Facebook users (cf. Dąbrowska 2013) [1], is therefore to evaluate the character of the strategies of politeness recorded in the collected material. The study focuses on the identification of particular intentionally polite speech acts (cf. Watts 2003) [2] expressed in the posts generated by the three aforementioned groups of users, and their discussion within the framework of Brown and Levinson’s (1978/1987) [3] classical division into positive and negative politeness, their frequency as well as the form of the language shaped by conventions of online politeness. Moreover, the discussion examines examples of emotive language (cf. Janney and Arndt 2005) [4] which additionally broaden the scope as well as reinforce the strength of polite meanings. The analysis is carried out with respect to both the cultural and linguistic background of the authors of the posts and, primarily, the users’ gender, which, as will be demonstrated, proves to be the major factor influencing the frequencies of use of a variety of polite meanings, with women invariably taking the lead in this respect, regardless of their diverse cultural and linguistic background.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Filologiczny : Instytut Filologii Angielskiej
dc.contributor.authorpl
Dąbrowska, Marta - 127701
dc.date.accessionpl
2020-03-02
dc.date.accessioned
2020-03-02T14:59:23Z
dc.date.available
2020-03-02T14:59:23Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2019
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalpl
Bibliogr. s. 142-146
dc.description.physicalpl
117-146
dc.description.publicationpl
1,81
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
40
dc.identifier.eissnpl
1314-4464
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/150739
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
http://journal.rhetoric.bg/?page_id=2395
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowa
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY-NC-ND
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode.pl
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
politeness
dc.subject.enpl
English as a global language
dc.subject.enpl
genderlects
dc.subject.enpl
Computer-Mediated Communication
dc.subject.enpl
Facebook
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Politeness, gender, and English-medium Facebook communication
dc.title.journalpl
Реторика и Kомуникации = Retorika i Komunikacii = Rhetoric and Communications
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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