The role of flysch sandstones in forming the properties of cover deposits and soils : examples from the Carpathians

2015
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enThe role of lithologic discontinuities in forming soil properties is getting increasing recognition, following the allochthonistic approach to soil formation. This approach may be particularly useful in the mountainous areas of Central Europe, where slopes are mantled by layers of cover materials of complex genesis and predominantly Pleistocene age (cover beds). This study uses results obtained in two areas typified by the middle mountains landscape type, located in different parts of the Carpathians but sharing a similar pattern of slope geology, with sandstones dominating the upper slope sections and shales underlying the lower parts. The differences in soil morphology as well as physical and chemical properties allow two main layers within the soil material to be distinguished – the upper layer and lower (basal) layer, separated by a lithologic discontiuity. This is confirmed by the analysis of the mineral composition of the upper layer of soil material, which shows significant uniformity along the slope despite the large variety in types of flysch bedrock. The data indicate that cover deposits (cover beds) – transported and transformed by geomorphic processes, with apparent aeolian admixture – constitute the solum parent material of soils occupying most of the investigated slopes. The properties of these deposits, particularly texture and mineral composition, are to a large extent controlled by the properties of sandstones even though they only found in the uppermost parts of the investigated slopes.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Biologii i Nauk o Ziemi : Instytut Nauk Geologicznychpl
dc.affiliationWydział Biologii i Nauk o Ziemi : Instytut Geografii i Gospodarki Przestrzennejpl
dc.contributor.authorKacprzak, Andrzej - 128574 pl
dc.contributor.authorSzymański, Wojciech - 160852 pl
dc.contributor.authorWójcik-Tabol, Patrycja - 132766 pl
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-06T07:51:53Z
dc.date.available2015-08-06T07:51:53Z
dc.date.issued2015pl
dc.description.numberSuppl. 1pl
dc.description.physical225-243pl
dc.description.volume59pl
dc.identifier.doi10.1127/zfg_suppl/2015/S-00182pl
dc.identifier.eissn1864-1687pl
dc.identifier.issn0372-8854pl
dc.identifier.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/14488
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rightsDodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny*
dc.rights.licencebez licencji
dc.rights.uri*
dc.subject.enflyschpl
dc.subject.encover bedspl
dc.subject.enlithologic discontinuitiespl
dc.subject.enmineral compositionpl
dc.subject.ensoil formationpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleThe role of flysch sandstones in forming the properties of cover deposits and soils : examples from the Carpathianspl
dc.title.journalZeitschrift für Geomorphologiepl
dc.title.volumeSandstone geomorphology : landscape formation, field mapping, research methodspl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The role of lithologic discontinuities in forming soil properties is getting increasing recognition, following the allochthonistic approach to soil formation. This approach may be particularly useful in the mountainous areas of Central Europe, where slopes are mantled by layers of cover materials of complex genesis and predominantly Pleistocene age (cover beds). This study uses results obtained in two areas typified by the middle mountains landscape type, located in different parts of the Carpathians but sharing a similar pattern of slope geology, with sandstones dominating the upper slope sections and shales underlying the lower parts. The differences in soil morphology as well as physical and chemical properties allow two main layers within the soil material to be distinguished – the upper layer and lower (basal) layer, separated by a lithologic discontiuity. This is confirmed by the analysis of the mineral composition of the upper layer of soil material, which shows significant uniformity along the slope despite the large variety in types of flysch bedrock. The data indicate that cover deposits (cover beds) – transported and transformed by geomorphic processes, with apparent aeolian admixture – constitute the solum parent material of soils occupying most of the investigated slopes. The properties of these deposits, particularly texture and mineral composition, are to a large extent controlled by the properties of sandstones even though they only found in the uppermost parts of the investigated slopes.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Biologii i Nauk o Ziemi : Instytut Nauk Geologicznych
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Biologii i Nauk o Ziemi : Instytut Geografii i Gospodarki Przestrzennej
dc.contributor.authorpl
Kacprzak, Andrzej - 128574
dc.contributor.authorpl
Szymański, Wojciech - 160852
dc.contributor.authorpl
Wójcik-Tabol, Patrycja - 132766
dc.date.accessioned
2015-08-06T07:51:53Z
dc.date.available
2015-08-06T07:51:53Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2015
dc.description.numberpl
Suppl. 1
dc.description.physicalpl
225-243
dc.description.volumepl
59
dc.identifier.doipl
10.1127/zfg_suppl/2015/S-00182
dc.identifier.eissnpl
1864-1687
dc.identifier.issnpl
0372-8854
dc.identifier.uri
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/14488
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.rights*
Dodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny
dc.rights.licence
bez licencji
dc.rights.uri*
dc.subject.enpl
flysch
dc.subject.enpl
cover beds
dc.subject.enpl
lithologic discontinuities
dc.subject.enpl
mineral composition
dc.subject.enpl
soil formation
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
The role of flysch sandstones in forming the properties of cover deposits and soils : examples from the Carpathians
dc.title.journalpl
Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie
dc.title.volumepl
Sandstone geomorphology : landscape formation, field mapping, research methods
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication

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